Elements in many languages - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elements Multidict

In the Multilingual dictionary of the names of chemical elements you will find lists and periodical tables of elements in many languages. Clicking on the name of an element in those lists or table brings you to the element information page. On this element page a list of names of that element in different languages, the etymology of its name and some other information is given. You are now on the multidict index page, where you will find Only complete lists of elements are included. Complete means, that at least the names of the first 100 elements are known in that language.

For the special language page, click on the flag or the blue text in the list below orr choose a language in this box:


Latin  Latina: Systema Periodicum
Latin: Roman empire, scholarly language up to 19th century.


Afrikaans  Afrikaans: Die periodieke tabel van die elemente
Afrikaans: Language derived from Dutch. It is mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia.
6½ million speakers.
Danish  Dansk: Det periodiske system af grundstoffer
Danish: North Germanic language used mostly in Denmark and Northern Germany.
6 million speakers.
German German  Deutsch: Das Periodensystem der Elemente
German: West Germanic language, official language of Germany and Austria, and one of the four official languages in Switzerland.
105 million native speakers.
English English  English: Periodic table of the elements
English: West Germanic language, official language of Great Britian, United States, Australia and many other counties.
First language of 300-400 million people.
Faroese  Føroysk: Skeiðbundna skipan frumevnanna
Faroese: Faroese or Faeroese, West Nordic or West Scandinavian language spoken by 48,000 people in the Faroe Islands and about 25,000 Faroese in Denmark and elsewhere.
Frisian (West)  Frysk: Periodyk systeem fan de eleminten
Frisian (West): West Frisian, a language spoken mostly in the province of Friesland (Fryslân) in the north of the Netherlands.
360,000700,000 speakers.
Icelandic  Íslenska: Staðlaða lotukerfið
Icelandic: North Germanic language, the language of Iceland.
320,000 speakers.
Luxembourgish  Lëtzebuergesch: Periodesystem vun den Elementer
Luxembourgish: Moselle Franconian language spoken mainly in Luxembourg.
About 390,000 speakers.
Dutch Dutch  Nederlands: Het periodiek systeem van de elementen
Dutch: West Germanic language spoken in the Netherlands, Belgium, and Suriname.
Over 22 million speakers
Norwegian  Norsk: Grunnstoffenes periodiske system
Norwegian: North Germanic language spoken primarily in Norway. The language includes two official written forms:
Bokmål ("Book language", the majority (c. 90%) written form)
Nynorsk (literally "New Norwegian", a written form of the language created in the 19th century from traditional Norwegian dialects, and used by about 10% of the population of Norway).
For the elements, only the name for Copper differs in both forms: Kobber in Bokmål and Kopar in Nynorsk.
5 million speakers.
Swedish  Svensk: Periodiska systemet
Swedish: North Germanic language spoken primarily in Sweden and Finland.
~ 10 million speakers.


Aragonese  Aragonés: Tabla periodica d'os elementos
Aragonese: Romance language spoken in a number of local varieties over the valleys of the Aragón River, Sobrarbe and Ribagorza in Aragon. Between 10,000 and 30,000 speakers
Aromanian  Armãneashte: (Periodic table of the elements)
Aromanian: Also Macedo-Romanian
Bulgaria, southern Yugoslavia, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
300,000 speakers.
Asturian  Asturianu: Tabla periódica de los elementos
Asturian: Romance language of the West Iberian group, spoken in the Spanish province of Asturias.
150,000400,000 speakers.
Catalan Catalan  Català: Taula periòdica dels elements
Catalan: Romance language, the national and official language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Catalonia, the Balearic Islands and Valencian Community.
7.7 million speakers
Spanish Spanish  Español: Tabla periodica de los elementos
Spanish: Romance language which is the main language in Spain and most of Latin America.
First language of 329 million speakers.
French French  Français: Tableau périodique des éléments
French: Romance language globally spoken by about 110 million people as a first language, mainly in France, Québec, Switzerland, Belgium, and French speaking Africa.
Friulian  Furlan: La tabele periodiche dai elements chimics
Friulian: Romance language belonging to the Rhaetian family, spoken in the Friuli region of northeastern Italy.
Around 800,000 speakers.
Galician  Galego: Táboa periódica dos elementos
Galician: Language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community located in northwestern Spain.
3-4 million speakers.
Italian  Italiano: Tavola periodica degli elementi
Italian: Romance language spoken primarily in Italy and Switzerland.
70 million native speakers.
Lombard Lombard  Lumbaart: Taula periòdica dii elemeent
Lombard: Member of the Cisalpine or Gallo-Italic group within the Romance languages. It is spoken natively in Northern Italy and Southern Switzerland (names written in koiné uçidentala, urtugrafìa ünificada).
3.5 million speakers.
Occitan  Lenga d'òc: Taula periodica
Occitan: Romance language spoken in Occitania, that is, Southern France, the Occitan Valleys of Italy, Monaco and in the Aran Valley of Spain.
Between 1 and 3.7 million speakers.
Portuguese Portuguese  Português: Tabela periódica
Portuguese: Romance language, spoken in Portugal and Brazil.
≈200 million native speakers.
Romanian - Moldovan Romanian - Moldovan  Română - Moldovenească: Tabelul periodic al elementelor
Romanian - Moldovan: Romanian and Moldovan (Moldavian)
Romance language spoken primarily in Romania and Moldova. It has official status in Romania, Republic of Moldova, and the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina in Serbia. Romanian and Moldovan are identical, but for political reasons both names are in use.
24 million speakers.


Bulgarian  Български: Периодична система на химичните елементи [Periodična sistema na himičnite elementi]
Bulgarian: Official language of Bulgaria, written in Cyrillic script.
9 million speakers.
Bosnian  Bosanski: Periodni sistem elemenata
Bosnian: South Slavic language spoken primarily in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The language uses the Latin alphabet although the Cyrillic alphabet is also accepted.
2,700,000 speakers.
Belarusian  Беларуская: Перыядычная сістэма хімічных элементаў [Peryjadyčnaja sistèma himičnyh èlementaŭ]
Belarusian: Official language of Belarus, written in Cyrillic script.
4 to 9 million speakers.
Czech  Čech: Periodická tabulka prvků
Czech: Majority language in the Czech Republic.
12 million speakers.
Croatian  Hrvatska: Periodni sustav elemenata
Croatian: South Slavic language which is used primarily in Croatia, by Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Over 6 million speakers.
Kashubian  Kaszëbsczi: Cządowi ùstôw pierwińcòw
Kashubian: Kashubian or Cassubian, one of the Lechitic languages, a subgroup of the Slavic languages, spoken by 50,000 people in Pomerania (Northern Poland).
Macedonian  Македонски: Периоден систем на елементите [Perioden sistem na elementite]
Macedonian: Official language of Republic of Macedonia and part of the Eastern group of South Slavic languages.
Written in Cyrillic script.
2.3 3 million speakers.
Polish  Polska: Układ okresowy pierwiastków
Polish: West Slavic language[4] and the official language of Poland.
40 million speakers.
Russian  Русский: Периодическая система элементов [Periodičeskaja sistema èlementov]
Russian: East Slavic languages, spoken in Russia.
Written in Cyrillic script.
About 164 million speakers (as primary language)
Slovak  Slovenčina: Periodická tabuľka chemických prvkov
Slovak: West Slavic language, spoken in Slovakia.
over 7 million speakers.
Slovenian  Slovenščina: Periodni sistem elementov
Slovenian: South Slavic language, spoken in Slovenia.
Approximately 2.4 million speakers.
Serbian  Српски: Периодни систем елемената [Periodin sistem na elemenata]
Serbian: South Slavic language, spoken chiefly in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia.
Written in Cyrillic and in Latin script.
Over 12 million speakers.
Ukrainian  Українска: Періодична система елементів [Periodična sistema elementiv]
Ukrainian: Language of the East Slavic subgroup of the Slavic languages. It is the official state language of Ukraine.
Written in Cyrillic script.
Approximately 42 up to 47 million speakers.


Lithuanian  Lietuviškai: Periodinė cheminių elementų sistema
Lithuanian: Official state language of Lithuania.
4-5 million speakers.
Latvian  Latviešu: Ķīmisko elementu periodiskā tabula
Latvian: Official state language of Latvia. It is also sometimes referred to as Lettish.
1.5 million speakers.
Samogitian  Žemaitiu ruoda: Periuodėnė elementu lentalė
Samogitian: Dialect of the Lithuanian language spoken mostly in Samogitia (western part of Lithuania).
~500,000 speakers.


Breton  Brezhoneg: Klasidigezh prantadek an elfennoù
Breton: Celtic language of Bretagne (France).
200,000-300,000 speakers.
Welsh  Cymraeg: Tabl cyfnodol yr elfennau
Welsh: Member of the Brythonic branch of the Celtic languages spoken natively in Wales.
750,000 speakers
Gaelic (Irish)  Gaeilge na hÉireann: Tábla peiriadach na dúile
Gaelic (Irish): Goidelic language of the Indo-European language family, originating in Ireland.
550,000 speakers (fully native speakers estimated 10,000 up to 80,000 people).
Gaelic (Scottish)  Gàidhlig na h-Alba: (Periodic table of the elements)
Gaelic (Scottish): Member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages, spoken in Scotland (Western Isles Islands Area and Skye & Lochalsh District).
60,000 speakers.
Gaelic (Manx)  Gaelg Vanninagh: Taabyl reiltagh ny bunstooghyn
Gaelic (Manx): Goidelic language spoken on the Isle of Man.
Extinct, but since 1974 revived and now with about a hundred competent speakers, including a small number of children who are new native speakers. 1,689 people (2.2% total population) professing some knowledge of the language.
Cornish  Kernewek: Tabel a dermynyow elvennow
Cornish: Cornwall (England), revived language with ~ 378 fluent speakers in everyday conversation and 2,900 in simple conversation.

Other Indo-European

Greek Greek  Ελληνικα: Περιοδικός πίνακας των χημικών στοιχείων [Periodikos pinakas tōn chemikōn stoicheiōn tes ules]
Greek: Independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken in Greece and Cyprus.
Written in Greek script.
13 million speakers.
Armenian  Հայերէն: Պարբերական աղյուսակ
Armenian: Official language of the Republic of Armenia as well as in the region of Nagorno-Karabakh.
Written in its own script, the Armenian alphabet.
6.7 million speakers.
Albanian  Shqip: Sistemi periodik i elementeve
Albanian: Indo-European language spoken primarily in Albania and Kosovo.
nearly 6 million speakers.


Kurdish  Kurdî: Dîmena Vegerînê
Kurdish: Language spoken by Kurds in western Asia (Turkey, Syria, Iran and Iraq).
16-26 million speakers.
Ossetian  Иронау: Элементты периодон системæ
Ossetian: East Iranian language spoken in Ossetia, a region on the slopes of the Caucasus Mountains.
Written in the Cyrillic alphabet.
c. 525,000 speakers.
Tajik  Тоҷикӣ: Ҷадвали даврии элементҳои химиявӣ
Tajik: Modern variety of Persian spoken in Central Asia. Most speakers of Tajik live in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Tajik is the official language of Tajikistan and is written in Cyrillic script.
Approximately 4,380,000 speakers.


Bengali  বাংলা: পব়্যায় সাব়ণী [pawyāẏa sābawī]
Bengali: Eastern Indo-Aryan language, native to Bangladesh, the Indian state of West Bengal, and parts of the Indian states of Tripura and Assam.
Written in Bengali script.
Nearly 230 million speakers.
Persian  فارسی: جدول تناوبی
Persian: Iranian language, spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.
ca. 60-70 million speakers. Written in Arabic script.
Gujarati  ગુજશતી: આવર્ત કોષ્ટક [āvart koṣṭaka]
Gujarati: Gujarātī, an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 46 million people in the Indian states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh.
Written in Gujarati script.
46.1 million speakers.
Hindi  हिन्दी: आवर्त सारणी [āvrta sāraṇī]
Hindi: Indo-Aryan language, or a dialect continuum of languages, spoken in northern and central India.
Written in devanagari script. ~ 490 million speakers.


Estonian  Eesti: Keemiliste elementide perioodilisussüsteem
Estonian: Official language of Estonia.
1.1 million speakers.
Finnish  Suomi: Alkuaineiden Jaksollinen Järjestelmä
Finnish: Member of the Finno-Ugric language family, spoken by the majority of the population in Finland (92%).
6 million speakers.
Hungarian  Magyar: Az elemek periódusos rendszere
Hungarian: Uralic language (more specifically a Finno-Ugric language) unrelated to most other languages in Europe. It is mainly spoken in Hungary .
15 million speakers.
Komi  Коми: Химия элементъяслӧн период системаныс [Himiya èlement'yaslön period sistemanys]
Komi: Komi-Permyak, Finno-Ugric language spoken in Komi-Permyak Okrug of Perm Krai, Russia.
116,000 speakers.
Mari  Олык Марий: Химий тӱҥлык-влакын периодик радамлыкше [Himij tüŋlək-vlakən periodik radamləkše]
Mari: The Mari language is spoken primarily in the Mari Republic of the Russian Federation and belongs to the Finno-Ugric branch of the Uralic language family.
600,000 speakers.
Moksha  Мокшень кяль: Менделеевинь арафнималувсь [Mendeleevinj arafnimaluvsj]
Moksha: Member of the Finno-Volgaic subdivision of the Uralic languages and the majority language in the western part of Mordovia (a federal republic in central Russia).
Written in Cyrillic characters. About 500,000 native speakers.
Võro  Võro: Keemiliidsi elemente perioodilisussüstem
Võro: Language belonging to the Baltic-Finnic branch of the Finno-Ugric languages, spoken in the historical Võru County (south-eastern Estonia).
70,000 speakers.


Azerbaijani  Azərbaycan: Dövri cədvəlin təqdimetmə üsulları
Azerbaijani: (also Azeri, Azari, Azeri Turkic, Azerbaijani Turkic) is a language belonging to the Turkic language family, spoken in southwestern Asia, primarily in Azerbaijan and northwestern Iran.
20-31 million speakers.
Chuvash  Чӑвашла: Элементсен периодикăллă системи
Chuvash: Turkic language spoken in central Russia, primarily in the Republic of Chuvashia and adjacent areas, written in Cyrillic script.
1.64 million speakers.
Kazakh  Қазақ тілі: Периодты химиялық элементтер системасы [periodty himijaliq èlementter sistemasy]
Kazakh: Kazakh (also Qazaq), Turkic language, spoken in Kazakhstan.
Written in Cyrillic script.
12 million speakers.
Kyrgyz  Кыргыз: (Periodic table of elements)
Kyrgyz: Kyrgyz or Kirghiz, Turkic language, official language in Kyrgyzstan.
Written with Cyrillic script.
Approx. 5 million speakers.
Mongolian  Монгол: Химийн элементүүдийн үелэх систем [Himijn èlementüüdijn üelèh sistem]
Mongolian: Best-known member of the Mongolic language family. It has about 5.7 million speakers, including over 90% of the residents of Mongolia and many of the Mongolian residents of the Inner Mongolia autonomous region of China.
Written in Cyrillic script.
Turkish  Türkçe: Periyodik tablodaki elementlerin resimleri
Turkish: Official language of Turkey and is one of the official languages of Cyprus.
about 70 million speakers.
Uyghur  ئۇيغۇرچە: ئېلېمېنتلارنىڭ دەۋرىي جەەدۋىلى ['elementlirning devriy jeedvili]
Uyghur: Uyghur is a Turkic language with about 10 million speakers mainly in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China.
Traditionally written with the Arabic script. The Chinese government introduced a Roman script in 1969, but the Arabic script was reintroduced in 1983, and the Cyrillic script currently used in the former Soviet Union
Uzbek  O'zbekcha: Unsurlarning davriy jadvali
Uzbek: Turkic language and the official language of Uzbekistan.
The Latin script has been officially re-introduced, although the use of Cyrillic is still widespread (most of the 'new' element names are transcriptions from the Cyrillic names in Russion). About 23.5 million native speakers.

Other (Europe)

Basque  Euskera: Taula periodikoa elementu kimikoak
Basque: Navarre and in the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country (Comunidad Autónoma Vasca) (N Spain).
C. 1 million speakers.
Georgian  ქართული: ქიმიურ ელემენტთა ჯგუფები [k'imiur elementt'a jgup'ebi]
Georgian: Official language of Georgia.
Written in mkhedruli ("military") script.
3.9 million speakers.


Arabic  العربية: الجدول الدوري الحديث
Arabic: Arabic is the largest member of the Semitic language family. It is spoken by more than 280 million people as a first language, most of whom live in the Middle East and North Africa, and by 250 million more as a second language.
Written in Arabic script.
Hebrew  עברית: הטבלה המחזורית
Hebrew: Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family. Hebrew in its modern form is spoken by more than seven million people in Israel.
Written in Hebrew script.
Maltese  Il-Malti: It-tabella perjodika tal-elementi
Maltese: Semitic language spoken by Maltese people and the national language of Malta.
It is the only Semitic language written in the Latin alphabet.
371,900 speakers.


Hakka  Hak-kâ-fa: Hien-thoi Ngièn-su Tsû-khì-péu
Hakka: Hakka or Kejia is one of the main subdivisions of the Chinese language spoken predominantly in southern China by the Hakka people and descendants in diaspora throughout East and Southeast Asia and around the world.
34 million speakers.
Japanese  日本語: 元素の周期表 [genso no shuukihyou]
Japanese: Japonic language spoken mainly in Japan.
The Japanese language is written with a combination of three scripts: modified Chinese characters called kanji (漢字), and two syllabic scripts made up of modified Chinese characters, hiragana (ひらがな or 平仮名) and katakana (カタカナ or 片仮名).
130 million speakers.
Korean Korean  한국어: 주기율표의 원소를 클릭하세요
Korean: Official language of Korea, both South and North.
Written in Hangul, the Korean alphabet
78 million speakers.
Thai  ไทย: ตารางธาตุ
Thai: Official language of Thailand.
Written in the Thai alphabet.
60-64 million speakers.
Vietnamese  Tiếng Việt: Bảng tuẩn hoàn cán nguyên tố hoá học
Vietnamese: Official language of Vietnam.
70-73 million native speakers.
Chinese  中文: 化學元素週期表 [hua4 xue2 yuan2 su4 zhou1 ji1 biao3]
Chinese: Language family consisting of languages mutually intelligible to varying degrees.
Approx 1.3 billion speakers.


Cebuano  Cebuano: Talaang Peryodiko sa mga Elementong Kimikal
Cebuano: Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines.
About 20 million speakers.
The names of the elements are based on Spanish.
Indonesian  Bahasa Indonesia: Susunan Berkala Unsur-unsur
Indonesian: Indonesian is a standardized dialect of Malay, official language of Indonesia.
17 million native speakers
Māori  Māori: Ripanga pūmotu
Māori: Eastern Polynesian languages, the language of the indigenous population of New Zealand
ca. 160,000 speakers.
Malay  Bahasa Melayu: Jadual Berkala Unsur
Malay: Language of Malaysia and Brunei, lingua franca of the Malay Archipelago.
Over 176 million speakers.

Other Asiatic

Malayalam  മലയാളം: ആവര്‍ത്തനപ്പട്ടിക [Āvarttanappaṭṭika]
Malayalam: one of the four major Dravidian languages of South India and official language in the state of Kerala.
36 million speakers.
Tamil Tamil  தமிழ்: ஆவர்த்தன அட்டவணை [āvarttana aţţavaņai]
Tamil: Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of the Indian subcontinent. It has official status in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and in the Indian union territory of Puducherry. Tamil is also an official language of Sri Lanka and Singapore.
Tamil is written its own script.
66 million speakers.


Lingala Lingala  Lingála: Etánda ya bileko
Lingala: Bantu language spoken throughout the northwestern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa) and a large part of the Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville).
ca. 2 million native speakers, between 8 and 30 million second-language speakers
Sesotho Sesotho  Sesotho: Dielemente tsa tafole ya periodiki
Sesotho: Sesotho or Southern Sotho, a Bantu language spoken primarily in South Africa, where it is one the 11 official languages, and in Lesotho, where it is the national language.
At least 5 million speakers.
Swahili Swahili  kiSwahili: Mfumo radidia wa elementi
Swahili: Bantu language spoken by various ethnic groups that inhabit several large stretches of the Indian Ocean coastline from southern Somalia to northern Mozambique, including the Comoros Islands. Swahili is also a lingua franca of much of East Africa and the Democratic Republic of the Congo
5-10 million speakers


Nahuatl  Nāhuatl: Tlapēuhcāyōtl nemachiyōtīlpāntli
Nahuatl: group of related languages and dialects of the Nahuan (traditionally called 'Aztecan') branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family. Collectively they are spoken by an estimated 1.5 million Nahua people, most of whom live in Central Mexico.


Quechua Quechua  Runa simi: Qallawap ñiqi rakirinkuna
Quechua: Native American language family spoken primarily in the Andes of South America.
6 to 8 million speakers.


Sranan Tongo  Sranan: Periodiki Sistemi fu den Elementi
Sranan Tongo: Creole language spoken as a lingua franca by approximately 400,000 people in Suriname.


Esperanto  Esperanto: Perioda tabelo de la elementoj
Esperanto: Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language.

New names

Atomic Elements: The periodic table of the Atomic Elements
Atomic Elements: Names with a maximum of 8 positions for "use in computer filing systems." 3-letter symbols are "phonetic, computer usable atomic symbols" and usable as "3-letter computer file extensions for the IUPAC chemical filing system" This system is invented by Dr.Hugh Manly, who is the owner of atomic-elements.info
Dorseyville Students: Dorseyville Students Periodic table of the elements
Dorseyville: New names given by the students of Team 8D of the Dorseyville Middle School, Pittsburgh, PA, March 2001.
Their new element names reflect one of the properties of that particular element More information

In the element files the Cyrillic names are transcribed also in Latin characters according to the ISO/R 9 standard, and the Greek names following the standard Elot 743.
The element files are encoded with UTF-8 with the format &#xnnnn;. The correct symbols are given by the latest versions of Microsoft Internet Explorer (MSIE 6.0 shows all UTF-8 codes correct and MSIE 5.x most of them) and Netscape (version 7.0 works fine; you can't use version 4.7). UTF-8 is the only way to show on one and the same page the different alphabets necessary for the multilingual dictionary. However, until the new browser versions are more common, for the Cyrillic names character set Windows-1251 will be used, and for the Greek names the symbol font. When your browser does not understand UTF-8, it shows squares or the utf-codes on your screen.

© 2000-2010 Peter van der Krogt