35. Bromium (Bromine) - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

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Bromium Bromine
Broom – Brom – Brome – Bromo – 臭素 – Бром – 溴
Multilingual dictionary

Bromium Latin

— Germanic
Broom Afrikaans
Brom Danish
Brom German
Bromine English
Brom Faroese
Broom Frisian (West)
Bróm Icelandic
Brom Luxembourgish
Broom Dutch
Brom Norwegian
Brom Swedish

— Italic
Bromo Aragonese
Bromu Aromanian
Bromu Asturian
Brom Catalan
Bromo Spanish
Brome French
Brom Friulian
Bromo Galician
Bromo Italian
Bròom Lombard
Bròm Occitan
Bromo Portuguese
Brom Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Бром [Brom] Bulgarian
Brom Bosnian
Бром [brom] Belarusian
Brom Czech
Brom Croatian
Bróm Kashubian
Бром [Brom] Macedonian
Brom Polish
Бром [Brom] Russian
Bróm Slovak
Brom Slovenian
Бром [Brom] Serbian
Бром [brom] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Bromas Lithuanian
Broms Latvian
Bruoms Samogitian

— Celtic
Brom Breton
Bromin Welsh
Bróimín Gaelic (Irish)
Bròimin Gaelic (Scottish)
Bromeen Gaelic (Manx)
Bromyn Cornish

— Other Indo-European
Βρωμιο [vrōmio] Greek
Բրոմ [brom] Armenian
Brom[i] Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Brom Kurdish
Бром [brom] Ossetian
Бром [Brom] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
ব্রোমিন [bromina] Bengali
برم [brm] Persian
બ્રોમિનનો [brominano] Gujarati
ब्रोमिन [bromina] Hindi

Broom Estonian
Bromi Finnish
Bróm Hungarian
Бром [Brom] Komi
Бром [Brom] Mari
Брома [broma] Moksha
Bruum Võro

Brom Azerbaijani
Бром [Brom] Chuvash
Бром [brom] Kazakh
Бром [Brom] Kyrgyz
Бром [brom] Mongolian
Brom Turkish
بروم [brom] Uyghur
Brom Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Bromoa Basque
ბრომი [bromi] Georgian

بروم [brūm, brūmīn] Arabic
ברום [brom] Hebrew
Bromin, ²Bromu Maltese

Tshiù (溴) Hakka
臭素 [shuuso] Japanese
브롬, 2브로민 [beurom, beuromin] Korean
โบรมีน [brōmīn] Thai
Brom Vietnamese
[xiu4 / chau3] Chinese

Bromo Cebuano
Brom Indonesian
Pūkane Māori
Bromin, ²Brom Malay

Other Asiatic
ബ്രോമിന്‍ [brōminam] Malayalam
புரோமின் [purōmiṉ] Tamil

Bomo Lingala
Bromini Sesotho
Bromi Swahili

Bromo Nahuatl

Bromu Quechua

Bromimi Sranan Tongo

Bromo Esperanto

New names
Bromon Atomic Elements
Additivium Dorseyville
memory peg

Very odiferous, and very volatile deep red-brown liquid which gives off a thick orange-red vapor
melting point -7 °C; 19 °F
boiling point 59 °C; 138 °F
density 0.0076 g/cc; 0.47 pounds/cubic foot
1826 Antoine-Jérôme Balard, France
bromos = stench (Greek)
Named by the French Academy of Science

History & Etymology

Bromine was discovered by two scientists working independently.
Antoine-Jérôme Balard (1802-1876), who was working in a pharmacy school in Montpellier, studying the brown seaweed Fucus, at that time Iodine was manufactured from ash of calcinated Fucus. Balard isolated a new substance. At first he thought that it was a Chlorine or Iodine compound. As he could not isolate the compound, he suggested to have found a new chemical element. Balard suggested the name muride, from the Latin word "muria" for brine.

The French Academy of Science, in turn, proposed the name brome from the Greek word bromos meaning stench (note) to indicate its strong irritating odor. In English the suffix -ine was added, since this suffix was previously used for other halogens

Almost simultaneously, in the Autumn of 1825, student Carl Löwig (1803-1890) took a bottle of a reddish liquid with an unpleasant smell to the Laboratory of Medicine and Chemistry of Prof. Leopold Gmelin (1788-1853), at the University of Heidelberg. Löwig told Gmelin that the liquid, of mineral origin, resulted from the treatment with gaseous Chlorine, thus explaining the red color. Gmelin realized that this was an unknown substance and encouraged Löwig to produce more of it so they could study it in detail. Unfortunately, winter exams and the holidays delayed Löwig's work too long. In the mean time, in 1826, Balard published his paper describing the new element.

The Japanese name has the same meaning. For the writing they use the two Chinese characters 臭 shuu kyuu = smell, stink, emit foul odor, and 素 "so" (elementary, principle, naked, or uncovered).

Chemistianity 1873
BROMINE, the only liquid Metalloid,
Is an intensely deep dark-red liquid,
Of odour akin to the other —ines;
It irritates and acts as a poison;
J. Carrington Sellars, Chemistianity, 1873, p. 97
Further reading
  • Mary Elvira Weeks, Discovery of the Elements, comp. rev. by Henry M. Leicester (Easton, Pa.: Journal of Chemical Education, 1968), pp. 719-727.

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