70. Ytterbium - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

This site comprises 120 pages of text and photos, one for each element, and several pages for access. – For captions or explanatory texts move your mouse over illustrations, links etc.

Ytterbium – Ytterbium – Ytterbium – Itérbio – イッテルビウム – Иттербий – 鐿
Multilingual dictionary

Ytterbium Latin

— Germanic
Itterbium Afrikaans
Ytterbium Danish
Ytterbium German
Ytterbium English
Ytterbium Faroese
Ytterbium Frisian (West)
Ytterbín Icelandic
Ytterbium Luxembourgish
Ytterbium Dutch
Ytterbium Norwegian
Ytterbium Swedish

— Italic
Iterbio Aragonese
Iterbiumu Aromanian
Iterbiu Asturian
Iterbi Catalan
Itérbio Spanish
Ytterbium French
Iterbi Friulian
Iterbio Galician
Itterbio Italian
Itèrbi Lombard
Itterbi Occitan
Itérbio Portuguese
Yterbiu Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Итербий [Iterbij] Bulgarian
Ytterbijum, ²Iterbij Bosnian
Iтэрбій [itèrbij] Belarusian
Ytterbium Czech
Iterbij Croatian
Éterb Kashubian
Итербиум [Iterbium] Macedonian
Iterb Polish
Иттербий [Itterbij] Russian
Ytterbium Slovak
Iterbij Slovenian
Итербијум [Iterbijum] Serbian
Iтербій [iterbij] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Iterbis Lithuanian
Iterbijs Latvian
Iterbis Samogitian

— Celtic
Iterbiom Breton
Yterbiwm Welsh
Itéirbiam Gaelic (Irish)
Itèirbiam Gaelic (Scottish)
Ytterbium Gaelic (Manx)
Yterbyum Cornish

— Other Indo-European
Υττερβιο [yttervio] Greek
Իտերբիում [iterbium] Armenian
Iterb, ²Ytterbiumi Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
İtterbiyûm Kurdish
Иттербий [Itterbij] Ossetian
Иттербий [Itterbi'] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
ইটারবিয়াম [iṭārabiẏāma] Bengali
ایتربیم [aytrbym] Persian
ઇટર્બિયમનો [iṭarbiyamano] Gujarati
यिट्टरबियम [yiṭarbiyama] Hindi

üterbium Estonian
Ytterbium Finnish
Itterbium Hungarian
Иттербий [Itterbij] Komi
Иттербий [Itterbij] Mari
Итерби [iterbi] Moksha
üterbium Võro

İtterbium Azerbaijani
Иттерби [Itterbi] Chuvash
Иттербий [itterbij] Kazakh
Иттербий [Itterbij] Kyrgyz
Иттерби [itterbi] Mongolian
İtterbiyum Turkish
ئىتتېربىي ['itterbiy] Uyghur
Itterbiy Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Iterbioa Basque
იტერბიუმი [iterbiumi] Georgian

يتربيوم [ītarbiyūm] Arabic
איטרביום [iterbium] Hebrew
Itterbju[m] Maltese

Yi (鐿) Hakka
イッテルビウム [itterubiumu] Japanese
이테르븀, 2이터븀 [itereubyum, iteobyum] Korean
อิตเทอร์เบียม [itthoebiam] Thai
Ytecbi Vietnamese
[yi4 / yi3] Chinese

Iterbyo Cebuano
Iterbium Indonesian
Ytterbium Māori
Yterbium Malay

Other Asiatic
യിറ്റെര്‍ബിയം [yiṟṟerbiyam] Malayalam
-- [--] Tamil

Yetibu (Y?) Lingala
Ytterbiamo Sesotho
Yitebi Swahili

Iterbio Nahuatl

Iterbyu Quechua

Itetrobimi Sranan Tongo

Iterbio Esperanto

New names
Iterbion Atomic Elements
Strengtium Dorseyville
memory peg

Gray-white metal
melting point 819 °C; 1506 °F
boiling point 1194 °C; 2181 °F
density 6.97 g/cc; 434.9 pounds/cubic foot
1878 Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac, France
Ytterby, village in Sweden (just as Erbium, Terbium, and Yttrium!)

History & Etymology

The story of discovery and naming of the rare earth element Ytterbium began with Carl Gustav Mosander splitting old yttria into three new elements, yttria proper, erbia, and terbia (for information and illustrations of Ytterby's quarry and a location map see the Rare Earths page). In 1860 the Swedish chemist Nils Johan Berlin (1812-1891) denied the existence of Mosanderís erbia, and gave this name to his terbia. Also Berlin's erbia itself proved to be a mixture.

On 22 October 1878, Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac reports that he has split terbia in two new earths, terbia proper and ytterbia, which Ytterbium. He named it (again) after Ytterby, a village in Sweden near Stockholm (note). Like Mosander, it seems lack of phantasy. It is the fourth element named after this village, we already had Yttrium, Erbium, and Terbium. And, ytterbia was the original name Gadolin gave to yttria.

Marignac's ytterbia was split by Nilson in 1879 into scandia (see Scandium) and a new ytterbia.

Finally, Nilson's ytterbia was separated by Georges Urbain (1872-1938) in 1907 into neo-ytterbia and lutecia, with the elements Neo-ytterbium and Lutecium (note).

Auer von Welsbach proposed for these elements the names Aldebaranium and Cassiopeium. In the report of the International Commission on Atomic Weights of 1906 it was mentioned that Urbain and Auer had independently proved that the old Ytterbium was a mixture of two elements, for one of which Urbain had suggested, and the Commission approved, the name Lutecium. To avoid confusion, the optional name, Neoytterbium, for the other element was recommended. A symbol appears not to have been proposed. The optional name Neoytterbium was not abandoned until 1925, since then it is Ytterbium.


Peter van der Krogt in Ytterby, Summer 2009.

Click here
for more photos

Ytterby, a village in Sweden on the island of Resarö, close to Vaxholm (east of Stockholm) is a deposit of many unusual minerals, containing rare earth and other elements.

A Chronological list of discovery of the rare earths and their names and information and illustrations of Ytterby's quarry and a location map is on the Rare Earths page.

John and Gordon Marks suggested in 1994 the name Spectrium (Sp) after the spectroscope which identified many lanthanide elements. The Marks brothers found the old names ugly and confusing. They offered alternative names that are equivalent contemporary (at the time and place of discovery) metaphors, both more euphonious and more memorable (note).

Further reading
  • Mary Elvira Weeks, Discovery of the Elements, comp. rev. by Henry M. Leicester (Easton, Pa.: Journal of Chemical Education, 1968), pp. 667-699.
  • Seltene Erden. Gmelins Handbuch der anorganische Chemie, 8. Aufl.; System-Nummer 39 (1938).
  • Vaxholm, a town of islands
  • J. Gadolin, "Undersökning af en svart tung Stenart ifrån Ytterby Stenbrott i Roslagen." (Examination of a black, dense mineral from the Ytterby Quarry in Roslagen). K. Vetenskaps-akad. nya handl. vol. 15, 1794, pp. 137-155.

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements