23. Vanadium - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

This site comprises 120 pages of text and photos, one for each element, and several pages for access. – For captions or explanatory texts move your mouse over illustrations, links etc.

Vanadium – Vanadium – Vanadium – Vanadio – バナジウム – Ванадий – 釩
Multilingual dictionary

Vanadium Latin

— Germanic
Vanadium Afrikaans
Vanadium Danish
Vanadium German
Vanadium English
Vanadium Faroese
Vanadium Frisian (West)
Vanadín Icelandic
Vanadium Luxembourgish
Vanadium Dutch
Vanadium Norwegian
Vanadin Swedish

— Italic
Banadio Aragonese
Vanadiumu Aromanian
Vanadiu Asturian
Vanadi Catalan
Vanadio Spanish
Vanadium French
Vanadi Friulian
Vanadio Galician
Vanadio Italian
Vanàdi Lombard
Vanadi Occitan
Vanádio Portuguese
Vanadiu Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Ванадий [Vanadij] Bulgarian
Vanadij[um] Bosnian
Ванадый [vanadyj] Belarusian
Vanad Czech
Vanadij Croatian
Wônôd Kashubian
Ванадиум [Vanadium] Macedonian
Wanad Polish
Ванадий [Vanadij] Russian
Vanád Slovak
Vanadij Slovenian
Ванадијум [Vanadijum] Serbian
Ванадій [vanadij] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Vanadis Lithuanian
Vanādijs Latvian
Vanadis Samogitian

— Celtic
Vanadiom Breton
Vanadiwm Welsh
Vanaidiam Gaelic (Irish)
Vanaidiam Gaelic (Scottish)
Vanaadjum Gaelic (Manx)
Vanadyum Cornish

— Other Indo-European
Βαναdιο [vanadio] Greek
Վանադիում [vanadium] Armenian
Vanad, ²Vanadiumi Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Vanadyûm Kurdish
Ванадий [vanadij] Ossetian
Ванадий [Vanadi'] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
ভ্যানাডিয়াম [bhyānāḍiẏāma] Bengali
وانادیم [wanadym] Persian
વૅનેડિયમનો [veneḍiyamano] Gujarati
वनेडियम [vaneḍiyama] Hindi

Vanaadium Estonian
Vanadiini Finnish
Vanádium Hungarian
Ванадий [Vanadij] Komi
Ванадий [Vanadij] Mari
Ванади [vanadi] Moksha
Vanaadium Võro

Vanadium Azerbaijani
Ванади [Vanadi] Chuvash
Ванадий [vanadij] Kazakh
Ванадий [Vanadij] Kyrgyz
Ванади [vanadi] Mongolian
Vanadyum Turkish
ۋانادىي [wanadiy] Uyghur
Vanadiy Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Banadioa Basque
ვანდიუმი [vandiumi] Georgian

فناديوم [fānādiyūm] Arabic
ונדיום [vanadium] Hebrew
Vanadju[m] Maltese

Fàm (釩) Hakka
バナジウム [banajiumu] Japanese
바나듐 [banadyum] Korean
วาเนเดียม [wānēdiam] Thai
Vanađi Vietnamese
[fan2 / faan4] Chinese

Vanadyo Cebuano
Vanadium Indonesian
Vanadium Māori
Vanadium Malay

Other Asiatic
വനേഡിയം [vanēḍiyam] Malayalam
வனேடியம் [vaṉēţiyam] Tamil

Vanadu Lingala
Vanadiamo Sesotho
Vanadi Swahili

Vanadio Nahuatl

Wanadyu Quechua

Vanadimi Sranan Tongo

Vanadio Esperanto

New names
Vanadion Atomic Elements
Whitemetallium Dorseyville
memory peg

Moderately dark gray metal
melting point 1890 °C; 3434 °F
boiling point 3380 °C; 6116 °F
density 6.11 g/cc; 381.43 pounds/cubic foot
1801 Andrés Manuel del Río, Mexico, and 1830 Nils Gabriel Sefström, Sweden
Vanadis = Scandinavian goddes of beauty
Named by Sefström and Berzelius

History & Etymology

In 1801, Andrés Manuel del Río (1764-1849), a professor of mineralogy in Mexico, found in brown lead from Zimapán (Mexico) a new metal similar to Chromium and Uranium. He found the colours reminiscent of those shown by Chromium, so he called the element panchromium (= something which can take or have any color). He later renamed the element erythronium (from the Greek ερυθρος [erythros] that means red), since the metal produced red salts when treated with acids. He withdrew his claim of the discovery of a new element, when, four years later, it was (incorrectly) suggested by the Frenchman, Hippolyte Victor Collet-Descotils (1773-1815), that the mineral was actually basic lead chromate.

In 1830, Nils Gabriel Sefström (1787-1845), physician and chemistry professor at the Falun School of Mines, described a new mineral that had been found a remarkably soft iron ore from the Taberg mine (Sweden). Bringing a large sample of this ore to Stockholm, Sefström and Jakob Berzelius investigated for three weeks finding many common elements including a new substance. After Sefström's departure, Berzelius continued to determine many additional properties. Sefström and Berzelius named the element vanadium, in honor of Vanadis, goddess of beauty, due to the brilliant colors of its compounds.
In 1831, F. Wöhler discovered that Del Rio's erythronium was identical with Sefström's vanadium.
Finally, in 1867, Sir Henry Enfield Roscoe (1833-1915) isolated the metal and established its relationship with the nitrogen family.

The Scandinavian goddess Freya was the Vanadis, the ruling goddess of the Vanir or elder gods, who ruled before the arrival of Odin and the Aesir from the east. She is known as goddess of fertility, love, the moon, the seas, the earth, the underworld, death, birth; virgin, mother, ancestress, Mistress of Cats; leader of Valkyries; the Saga or "sayer" who inspired all sacred poetry. Freya was known by the poets as the "weeping goddess, shedding tears of gold." The fifth day of the week, Friday was named after her. Her twin brother is the sun god Freir and her parents are Njord and the giantess Skadi. She is always depicted wearing a famous necklace, called a brisling. It was given to her by the dwarfs in exchange of a night of love with them. Freya also represented the goddess of battle and death. She had the right to choose half of all men slain in battle. The other half was chosen by the Valkyries, assistants of Odin. The half of warriors chosen by Freya went to feast in the Freya's hall, called Folkvangar. (From www.freya.nl).

In 1880, the Italian mineralogist Arcangelo Scacchi (1810-1893) announced the discovery of a new element, which he named Vesbium, after the ancient name of Mt. Vesuvius. He identified it in vesbine, a mineral occurring as thin yellow-green patinas on the walls of the 1631 lava crevices (note). Subsequent studies identified Vesbium with Vanadium.

Chemistianity 1873
VANADIUM, yielding rainbow hued compounds,
Is a white solid metalloid, brittle,
With strong lustre. It is very refractory
In fire. Powder'd Vanadium thrown into flame,
Burns with most brilliant scintillations.
J. Carrington Sellars, Chemistianity, 1873, p. 92
Further reading
  • Mary Elvira Weeks, Discovery of the Elements, comp. rev. by Henry M. Leicester (Easton, Pa.: Journal of Chemical Education, 1968), pp. 351-375.
  • A.G.J. Ligtenbarg, Vanadium and Iron Complexes for Catalytic Oxidation. Thesis Groningen University 2001. (on-line PDF-file)

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements