116. Livermorium - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

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Livermorium – Livermorium – Livermorium – Livermorio – リバモリウム – Ливерморий –
Multilingual dictionary

Livermorium Latin

— Germanic
Livermorium Afrikaans
Livermorium Danish
Livermorium German
Livermorium English
Livermorium Faroese
Livermorium Frisian (West)
Livermorím Icelandic
Livermorium Luxembourgish
Livermorium Dutch
Livermorium Norwegian
Livermorium Swedish

— Italic
Livermorio Aragonese
Livermoriu Asturian
Livermori Catalan
Livermorio Spanish
Livermorium French
Livermorium Friulian
Livermorio Galician
Livermorio Italian
Unünèxi Lombard
Livermori Occitan
Livermório Portuguese
Livermoriu Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Ливерморий [Ununheksij] Bulgarian
Livermorijum Bosnian
Унунгексій [Unungeksij] Belarusian
Livermorium Czech
Livermori Croatian
Ливермориум [Livermorium] Macedonian
Livermorium Polish
Ливерморий [Livermorij] Russian
Livermorium Slovak
Livermorij Slovenian
Ливерморијум [Ununheksijum] Serbian
Ліверморій [Unungeksij] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Livermorijus Lithuanian
Livermorijs Latvian

— Celtic
Ununhegziom Breton
Livermoriwm Welsh
Únúinheicsiam Gaelic (Irish)
Livermorium Gaelic (Manx)

— Other Indo-European
Λιβερμόριο [] Greek
Livermorium[i] Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Livermoriyûm Kurdish
Унунгексий [Unungeksi'] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
ইউনানহেক্সিয়াম [iununaheksiẏāma] Bengali
لیورموریوم [] Persian
યુનુનહેક્સિયમનો [yununheksiyamano] Gujarati
उनउनहैक्षियम [ununhaikṩiyama] Hindi

Livermorium Estonian
Livermorium Finnish
Livermorium Hungarian
Унунгексий [Ununheksij] Komi
Унунгексий [Ununheksij] Mari
Livermorium Võro

Livermorium Azerbaijani
Унунгекси [Unungeksi] Chuvash
Унунхекси [Ununheksi] Mongolian
Livermoriyum Turkish
Livermoriy Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Livermorio Basque

ليفرموريوم [] Arabic
Λιβερμόριο [--] Hebrew
Livermorju Maltese

リバモリウム [ribamoriumu] Japanese
리버모륨 [] Korean
อะนันเฮกเชียม [ananheksiam] Thai
Livermori Vietnamese

Livermoryo Cebuano
Livermorium Indonesian
Livermorium Māori
Livermorium Malay

Other Asiatic
ലിവർമോറിയം [aṇaṇheksiyam] Malayalam

Livermoriu? Lingala
Livermoriamo Sesotho
Livermori Swahili

Livermorio Nahuatl

Livermoriyu Quechua

Livermorimi Sranan Tongo

Livermorio Esperanto

New names
memory peg

Artificial radioactive element
melting point -- °C; -- °F
boiling point -- °C; -- °F
density -- g/cc; -- pounds/cubic foot
2000 .. (Yu.Ts. Oganessian) and co-workers, Dubna, Russia.
The name was adopted by IUPAC on May 31, 2012.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore (Calif.)

History & Etymology

First prepared in 2000 by Юрий Цолакович Оганесян (Yuri Tsolakovich Oganessian), and co-workers at the Лаборатория ядерных реакций им. Г.Н. Флерова / Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, FLNR - ОИЯИ / JINR, Дубна (Dubna), Russia.

The second atom of 116 has been synthesized
From: Dubna: Science, Cooperation, Progress, 19 (3557) (11 May 2001). (on-line)

These May holidays have been marked by new and important event in the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions of JINR. These days the experiments on synthesis of superheavy element with atomic number 116 in the fusion reaction of 48Ca cyclotron U-400 accelerated ions and 248Cm target nuclei are in progress here.

These experiments have started with Gas Filled Separator in June 2000. That time on the 35th day of irradiation the first atom of element 116 with neutron number 176 has been synthesized. Daughter nuclei properties of elements 114, 112 and 110 - element 116 alpha-decay products - were in full consent with the properties of isotopes got in the earlier experiment on synthesis of element 114 in the reaction with lighter target of 244Pu. To confirm their own results the scientists repeated these experiments at the turn of 2000 and in January 2001. But those experiments have failed to synthesize new atom.

The forth round of the experiments have started in late April. Now on May 2 after the full number of 48Ca ions passed through the target during the time of the experiment has reached 2x1019 the work of the scientists has been crowned with new success. One more atom of element 116 has been synthesized and this entirely confirmed the former results. This second atom of element 116 gives full assurance that the new elements with atomic numbers 114 and 116 have been synthesized in the Laboratory. Their properties confirm the hypothesis on the existence of the new domain of enhanced stability of superheavy elements.

The team repeated the experiment in AprilMay 2005 and detected 8 atoms of livermorium. The measured decay data confirmed the assignment of the discovery isotope as 293Lv. In this run, the team also observed 292Lv in the 4n channel for the first time. In May 2009, the Joint Working Party reported on the discovery of copernicium and acknowledged the discovery of the isotope 283Cn. This implied the de facto discovery of livermorium, as 291Lv, from the acknowledgment of the data relating to the granddaughter 283Cn, although the actual discovery experiment may be determined as that above. In 2011, the IUPAC evaluated the Dubna team results and accepted them as a reliable identification of element 116.

The element was named Livermorium after the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory on 31 May 2012. Formerly it was known under the systematic IUPAC name Ununhexium (system explained here). The element almost got the name Moscovium in honor of the oblast (region) of Moscow, where the research labs are located. The American researchers won out and the team settled on the name Livermorium (Lv), after the national labs and the city of Livermore in which they are located. Livermorium was first observed in 2000, when the scientists created it by mashing together calcium and curium.

Livermore, California, was named after Robert Thomas Livermore (Springfield, Essex 1799-Alameda County, California 1858), a local rancher who settled in the area in the 1830s. Robert Livermore never lived in the city that bears his name. William Mendenhall had met Livermore as part of Frémont's expedition, and when he founded the town in 1869, he named it after Livermore.
In 1952 the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory (named after E.O. Lawrence) was established in Livermore, in 1971 it was renamed Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Further reading

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements