71. Lutetium - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

This site comprises 120 pages of text and photos, one for each element, and several pages for access. – For captions or explanatory texts move your mouse over illustrations, links etc.

Lutetium – Lutetium – Lutécium – Lutécio – ルテニウム – Лютеций – 鑥
Multilingual dictionary

Lutetium Latin

— Germanic
Lutetium Afrikaans
Lutetium Danish
Lutetium German
Lutetium English
Lutetium Faroese
Lutetium Frisian (West)
Lútesín Icelandic
Lutetium Luxembourgish
Lutetium Dutch
Lutetium Norwegian
Lutetium Swedish

— Italic
Lutezio Aragonese
Lutetsiumu Aromanian
Luteciu Asturian
Luteci Catalan
Lutécio Spanish
Lutécium French
Lutezi Friulian
Lutecio Galician
Lutezio Italian
Lütezzi Lombard
Luteci Occitan
Lutécio Portuguese
Luteţiu Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Лютеций [Ljutecij] Bulgarian
Lutetij[um] Bosnian
Лютэцый [ljutècyj] Belarusian
Lutecium Czech
Lutecij Croatian
Lutet Kashubian
Лутециум [Lutecium] Macedonian
Lutet Polish
Лютеций [Ljutecij] Russian
Lutecium Slovak
Lutecij Slovenian
Лутецијум [Lutecijum] Serbian
Лютецій [ljutecij] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Liutecis Lithuanian
Lutēcijs Latvian
Lotecis Samogitian

— Celtic
Lutesiom Breton
Lwtetiwm Welsh
Lúitéitiam Gaelic (Irish)
Luitèitiam Gaelic (Scottish)
Lootaiçhum Gaelic (Manx)
Lutetyum Cornish

— Other Indo-European
Λουτετσιο [loutetsio] Greek
Լուտեցիում [lutets'ium] Armenian
Lutec, ²Lutetiumi Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Lutesyûm Kurdish
Лютеций [ljutecij] Ossetian
Лютеций [Lyuteci'] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
লুটেসিয়াম [luṭesiẏāma] Bengali
لوتتیم [lwttym] Persian
લૂટીશિયમનો [lūṭīṡiyamano] Gujarati
लुटेटियम [luṭeṭiyama] Hindi

Luteetsium Estonian
Lutetium Finnish
Lutécium Hungarian
Лютеций [Ljutecij] Komi
Лютеций [Ljutecij] Mari
Лтети [luteti] Moksha
Luteetsium Võro

Lutesium Azerbaijani
Лютеци [Ljuteci] Chuvash
Лютеций [ljûtecij] Kazakh
Лютеций [Ljutecij] Kyrgyz
Лютеци [ljuteci] Mongolian
Lutesyum Turkish
لۇتېتسىي [lutetsiy] Uyghur
Lyutetsiy Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Lutezioa Basque
ლუტეციუმი [lutec'iumi] Georgian

لوتيتيوم [lūtītiyūm] Arabic
לוטטיום [lutetium] Hebrew
Lutizjum, ²Lutezju Maltese

Liu (鎦) Hakka
ルテニウム [rutechiumu] Japanese
루테튬 [lutetyum] Korean
ลูทีเชียม [lūthīchiam] Thai
Lutexi Vietnamese
[lu3 / lou5] Chinese

Lutesyo Cebuano
Lutetium Indonesian
Lutetium Māori
Lutetium Malay

Other Asiatic
ലുറ്റീഷ്യം [luṟṟīṣiyam] Malayalam
லியுதேத்தியம் [liyutēttiyam] Tamil

Lutetu Lingala
Lutetiamo Sesotho
Luteti Swahili

Lutecio Nahuatl

Lutesyu Quechua

Lutetimi Sranan Tongo

Lutecio Esperanto

New names
Luteon Atomic Elements
Parises Dorseyville
memory peg

Dark gray metal
melting point 1663 °C; 3025 °F
boiling point 3395 °C; 6143 °F
density 9.84 g/cc; 614.29 pounds/cubic foot
1907 Georges Urbain, France / Carl Auer von Welsbach, Austria
Lutetia Parisorum = Paris (Latin)

History & Etymology

The story of discovery and naming of this element began with Carl Gustav Mosander splitting old yttria into three new elements, yttria proper, erbia, and terbia (see the special Rare Earths page).

In 1860 the Swedish chemist Nils Johan Berlin (1812-1891) denied the existence of Mosanderís erbia, and gave this name to his terbia. In 1878 Marignac split Berlin's terbia in two new earths, terbia proper and ytterbia. Then Marignac's ytterbia, in turn, was split by Nilson in 1879 into scandia and a new ytterbia.

Finally, Nilson's ytterbia was separated by Georges Urbain (1872-1938) in 1907 into neoytterbia and lutecia, with the elements Neoytterbium and Lutecium (note). Urbain named the element after Lutetia Parisorum, the Latin name for Paris:

Auer von Welsbach proposed for these elements the names Aldebaranium and Cassiopeium. (The variant name Celtium, found in some sources, is an error, cf. Hafnium). In the report of the International Commission on Atomic Weights of 1906 it was mentioned that Urbain and Auer had independently proved that the old Ytterbium was a mixture of two elements, for one of which Urbain had suggested, and the Commission approved, the name Lutecium. In 1949 the official IUPAC spelling was altered in Lutetium (note).

Lutetia (sometimes Lutetia Parisiorum or Lukotekia before, in French Lutèce) was a town in pre-Roman and Roman Gaul. The Gallo-Roman city was a forerunner of the re-established Merovingian town that is the ancestor of present-day Paris. Lutetia and Paris have little in common save their position where an island, the Île de la Cité, created a convenient ford of the Seine.

Somewhere in the immediate area was the chief settlement or oppidum of the Parisii, a Gallic people who settled in the area during the 3rd century BCE. However, dendrochronological study of wooden pilings beneath the lowest stratum of the Roman north-south axis date the road's construction after 4 CE, more than fifty years after the Roman pacification of the region.

Roman Lutetia was founded above the flood-prone point where the Bièvre stream reaches the river Seine, centered on the slopes of the hill later dedicated to Saint Genevieve, on the left bank of the Seine (modern-day Latin Quarter). There were outlying suburbs on an island across from the confluence, the Île de la Cité, which was the Merovingian and modern centre of Paris.

The primitive Λουκοτοκίαν (Strabon), Λευκοτεκία (Ptolemeus), Lutetia (Caesar) maybe contain the Celtic root *luco-t- 'mouse' + -ek(t)ia = 'the mice', Breton logod, Welsh llygod, Irish luch (cf. Bibracte, *bibro 'beaver' + -acti = 'the beavers')[1] or another Celtic root luto-, luteuo- 'marsh', 'swamp' (Gaelic loth 'marsh', Breton loudour 'dirty') like in Lutudarum (Derbyshire, England); Lodève (Luteua); Ludesse (France); Lutitia (Germany), etc. (note).

Further reading
  • Robert Plohn, "Seltene Erden". Zeitschrift 'Die Koralle', Sept. 1929 (on-line).
  • Mary Elvira Weeks, Discovery of the Elements, comp. rev. by Henry M. Leicester (Easton, Pa.: Journal of Chemical Education, 1968), pp. 667-699.
  • Seltene Erden. Gmelins Handbuch der anorganische Chemie, 8. Aufl.; System-Nummer 39 (1938).

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements