114. Flerovium - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

This site comprises 120 pages of text and photos, one for each element, and several pages for access. – For captions or explanatory texts move your mouse over illustrations, links etc.

Flerovium – Flerovium – Flérovium – Flerovio – フレロビウム – Флеровий –
Multilingual dictionary

Flerovium Latin

— Germanic
Flerovium Afrikaans
Flerovium Danish
Flerovium German
Flerovium English
Flerovium Faroese
Flerovium Frisian (West)
Flerovín Icelandic
Flerovium Luxembourgish
Flerovium Dutch
Flerovium Norwegian
Flerovium Swedish

— Italic
Flerovio Aragonese
Fleroviu Asturian
Flerovi Catalan
Flerovio Spanish
Flérovium French
Flerovium Friulian
Flerovio Galician
Flerovio Italian
Unünquadi Lombard
Flerovi Occitan
Fleróvio Portuguese
Fleroviu Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Флеровий [Ununkvadij] Bulgarian
Flerovijum Bosnian
Унунквадый [Ununkvadyj] Belarusian
Flerovium Czech
Flerovij Croatian
Флеровиум [Flerovium] Macedonian
Flerovium Polish
Флеровий [Flerovij] Russian
Flerovium Slovak
Flerovij Slovenian
Флеровијум [Ununkvadijum] Serbian
Флеровій [Ununkvadij] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Flerovijus Lithuanian
Flerovijs Latvian

— Celtic
Ununkwadiom Breton
Fleroviwm Welsh
Únúncuadiam Gaelic (Irish)
Flerovium Gaelic (Manx)

— Other Indo-European
Φλερόβιο [] Greek
Flerovium[i] Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Fleroviyûm Kurdish
Унунквадий [Ununkvadi'] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
ইউনুনকোয়াডিয়াম [iununakoẏāḍiẏāma] Bengali
فلروویوم [] Persian
યુનુન્ક્વૉડિયમનો [yununkvoḍiyamano] Gujarati
उनउनक्वाडृयम [ununkvāḍryama] Hindi

Ununkvaadium Estonian
Flerovium Finnish
Flerovium Hungarian
Унунквадий [Ununkvadij] Komi
Унунквадий [Ununkvadij] Mari
Flerovium Võro

Flerovium Azerbaijani
Унунквади [Ununkvadi] Chuvash
Унунквади [Ununkvadi] Mongolian
Fleroviyum Turkish
Fleroviy Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Flerovio Basque

ٲنون كواديوم [] Arabic
Φλερόβιο [--] Hebrew
Flerovju Maltese

フレロビウム [furerobiumu] Japanese
플레로븀 [] Korean
ฟลีโรเวียม [anankwadiam] Thai
Flerovi Vietnamese

Flerovyo Cebuano
Flerovium Indonesian
Flerovium Māori
Flerovium Malay

Other Asiatic
ഫ്ലെറോവിയം [aṇaṇkvāḍiyam] Malayalam

Fleroviu? Lingala
Fleroviamo Sesotho
Flerovi Swahili

Flerovio Nahuatl

Fleroviyu Quechua

Flerovimi Sranan Tongo

Flerovio Esperanto

New names
memory peg

Artificial radioactive element
melting point -- °C; -- °F
boiling point -- °C; -- °F
density -- g/cc; -- pounds/cubic foot
1999 Ю.Ц. Оганесян (Yu.Ts. Oganessian) and co-workers, Dubna, Russia
The name was adopted by IUPAC on May 31, 2012.
Лаборатория ядерных реакций им. Г.Н. Флерова (Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions)

History & Etymology

First prepared in 1999 by
Юрий Цолакович Оганесян (Yuri Tsolakovich Oganessian),
Alexander Vladimirovich Yeremin,
Andre Georgievich Popeko,
Sergey L. Bogomolov,
German Vladimirovich Buklanov,
M. L. Chelnokov,
Victor Ivanovich Chepigin,
Boris N. Gikal,
Vladimir A. Gorshkov,
Georgy G. Gulbekian,
М.Г. Иткис (Michael Grigorievich Itkis),
Anatoly Petrovich Kabachenko,
Anton Yurievich Lavrentiev,
Oleg Nikolaevich Malyshev,
Jozef Rohach,
Roman Nikolaevich Sagaidak
Лаборатория ядерных реакций им. Г.Н. Флерова / Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, FLNR ОИЯИ / JINR, Дубна (Dubna), Russia
Sigurd HofmannGesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany
S. SaroKatedra jadrovej fyziky, Univerzita Komenského, Bratislava, Slovakia
G. GiardinaDipartimento di Fisica dell'Universita di Messina, Messina, Italy
K. MoritaInstitute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), Wako-shi, Saitama, Japan
at the Лаборатория ядерных реакций им. Г.Н. Флерова / Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, FLNR - ОИЯИ / JINR, Дубна (Dubna), Russia.

Abstract from JINR News, 4 March 1999

At the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, a group of scientists headed by Professor Yu.Ts.Oganessian in collaboration with the colleagues from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (USA) synthesized a new long-lived (30s) superheavy element of the Periodic Table with atomic number 114 and mass 289.

This discovery sums up many-year efforts of experimental physicists from Russia, USA, and Germany to search for a stability island of superheavy elements predicted and discussed by theoretical physicists in various countries for the past 35 years.

The discovery of the stability island of superheavy elements has become possible owing to the unique parameters of the experimental facility, which records extremely rare events of formation and decay of nuclei, and the record intensities of the accelerated 48Ca ion beams.

In May 2009, the Joint Working Party (JWP) of IUPAC published a report on the discovery of copernicium in which they acknowledged the discovery of the isotope 283Cn. This therefore implies the de facto discovery of flerovium, from the acknowledgment of the data for the synthesis of 287Fl and 291livermorium|Lv (see below), relating to 283Cn. In 2011, IUPAC evaluated the Dubna team experiments of 1999–2007. Whereas they found the early data inconclusive, the results of 2004–2007 were accepted as identification of element 114.

The discovery of flerovium, as 287Fl and 286Fl, was confirmed in January 2009 at Berkeley. This was followed by confirmation of 288Fl and 289Fl in July 2009 at the GSI.

The element was named Flerovium on 31 May 2012. Formerly it was known under the systematic IUPAC name Ununquadium (system explained here).

According to IUPAC recommendations, the discoverer(s) of a new element has the right to suggest a name. The discovery of ununquadium was recognized by JWG of IUPAC on 1 June 2011, along with that of ununhexium. According to the vice-director of JINR, the Dubna team chose to name element 114 flerovium (symbol Fl), after the founder of the Russian institute, Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, the Soviet physicist Георгий Николаевич Флёров (Georgy Flyorov, also spelled Flerov). However, IUPAC officially named flerovium after the Лаборатория ядерных реакций им. Г.Н. Флерова (Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions), not after Flerov himself. Flerov is known for writing to Stalin in April 1942 and pointing out the conspicuous silence in scientific journals within the field of nuclear fission in the United States, Great Britain, and Germany. Flyorov deduced that this research must have become classified information in those countries. Flyorov's work and urgings led to the eventual development of the USSR's own atomic bomb project

Elements synthesized at the Лаборатория ядерных реакций им. Г.Н. Флерова (Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, FLNR) of the Объединенный Институт Ядерных Исследований, ОИЯИ (Joint Institute of Nuclear Research, JINR).

  • 102 Nobelium No in 1963
  • 103 Lawrencium Lr in 1965
  • 104 Rutherfordium Rf in 1964
  • 105 Dubnium Db in 1967
  • 106 Seaborgium Sg in 1974
  • 107 Bohrium Bh in 1982
  • 108 Hassium Hs in 1984
  • Element 110 in 1989
  • Element 112 in 1998
  • 114 Flerovium in 1999
  • 116 Livermorium in 2000
  • Element 118 in 2002

Further reading (information)

  • Yu.Ts. Oganessian et al., "Synthesis of nuclei of the superheavy element 114 in reactions induced by 48Ca." Nature 400 (15 July 1999), p. 242-245.
  • "A New Element Synthesized" JINR News 1 (4 March 1999).
  • "114-й элемент: анатомия научного поиска" (114 element: anatomy of a scientific search), Dubna: Science, Cooperation, Progress, Numbers 16-17 (3455-3456) (30 April 1999) (English abstract or Russian version)
  • Wikipedia, Flerovium.

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements