63. Europium - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

This site comprises 120 pages of text and photos, one for each element, and several pages for access. – For captions or explanatory texts move your mouse over illustrations, links etc.

Europium – Europium – Europium – Európio – ユウロピウム – Европий – 銪
Multilingual dictionary

Europium Latin

— Germanic
Europium Afrikaans
Europium Danish
Europium German
Europium English
Europium Faroese
Europium Frisian (West)
Evropín Icelandic
Europium Luxembourgish
Europium Dutch
Europium Norwegian
Europium Swedish

— Italic
Europio Aragonese
Europiumu Aromanian
Europiu Asturian
Europi Catalan
Európio Spanish
Europium French
Europi Friulian
Europio Galician
Europio Italian
Euròpi Lombard
Euròpi Occitan
Európio Portuguese
Europiu Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Европий [Evropij] Bulgarian
Europij[um] Bosnian
Еўропій [europij] Belarusian
Europium Czech
Europij Croatian
Europ Kashubian
Европиум [Evropium] Macedonian
Europ Polish
Европий [Evropij] Russian
Europium Slovak
Evropij Slovenian
Еуропијум [Europijum] Serbian
Європій [jevropij] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Europis Lithuanian
Eiropijs Latvian
Euruopis Samogitian

— Celtic
Europiom Breton
Ewropiwm Welsh
Eoraipiam Gaelic (Irish)
Eoraipiam Gaelic (Scottish)
Oarpium Gaelic (Manx)
Europyum Cornish

— Other Indo-European
Ευρωπιο [eurōpio] Greek
Եվրոպիում [evropium] Armenian
Europ, ²Europiumi Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Evropiyûm Kurdish
Европий [evropij] Ossetian
Европий [Evropi'] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
ইউরোপিয়াম [iuropiẏāma] Bengali
یوروپیم [ywrwpym] Persian
યુરોપિયમનો [yuropiyamano] Gujarati
युरोपियम [yuropiyama] Hindi

Euroopium Estonian
Europium Finnish
Európium Hungarian
Европий [Evropij] Komi
Европий [Evropij] Mari
Ьевропи (?) [jevropi] Moksha
Euroopium Võro

Evropium Azerbaijani
Европи [Evropi] Chuvash
Европий [evropij] Kazakh
Европий [Evropij] Kyrgyz
Европи [ebropi] Mongolian
Europyum Turkish
يېۋروپىي [yewropiy] Uyghur
Yevropiy Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Europioa Basque
ეუროპიუმი [europiumi] Georgian

يروبيوم [ūrūbiyūm] Arabic
אירופיום [eropium] Hebrew
Uropjum, ²Europju Maltese

Yû (銪) Hakka
ユウロピウム [yuuropiumu] Japanese
유로퓸 [yuropyum] Korean
ยูโรเพียม [yūrōphiam] Thai
Europi Vietnamese
[you3 / yau5] Chinese

Europyo Cebuano
Europium Indonesian
Europium Māori
Europium Malay

Other Asiatic
യൂറോപ്പിയം [yūṟōppiyam] Malayalam
யூரோப்பியம் [yūrōppiyam] Tamil

Elopu Lingala
Europiamo Sesotho
Europi Swahili

Europio Nahuatl

Iwrupyu Quechua

Ropimi Sranan Tongo

Eŭropio Esperanto

New names
Europion Atomic Elements
Redpigium Dorseyville
memory peg

Yellow-gray metal which readily oxidizes forming a multitude of beautiful colors
melting point 822 °C; 1512 °F
boiling point 1597 °C; 2907 °F
density 5.24 g/cc; 327.31 pounds/cubic foot
1901 Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, France
Europa, continent

History & Etymology

The story of the new rare earth elements was not finished by Lecoq's discovery of Samarium. In fact, Lecoq's samarium was a mixture of Samarium and Europium.

Eugène-Anatole Demarçay (1852-1904) separated it in 1901 by fractional crystallization of double Magnesium nitrates (note). Although as early as 1892 Lecoq himself had obtained basic fractions from Samarium-Gadolinium concentrates having spark spectral lines not accounted for by Samarium or Gadolinium and thus by new elements, which he provisionally named Zε and Zζ (note). And in 1896 Demarçay himself had announced a new element between Samarium and Gadolinium, provisionally indicated with Σ (note), and in 1900 he showed that this element was identical with Zζ. Only in 1901 he succeeded to separate the element and could get it its name:


See also: Chronological list of discovery of the rare earths and their names

The element is named after the continent Europe.
According the the mythology, the continent got its name from Ευρωπη [Eurōpè], daughter of the Phoenician king Agenor, who was abducted by Zeus in the shape of a bull (illustration to the right from the Atlas Maior by Joan Blaeu 1662). She was the sister of Καδμος [Cadmus] (cf. Cadmium).

A more modern etymology is that the name Europe is derived from the Assyrian ereb, ireb, meaning "sunset, west", thus Land in the West, as opposite to açu, sunrise or East, from which the continent name Asia is derived (note) .

Further reading
  • Mary Elvira Weeks, Discovery of the Elements, comp. rev. by Henry M. Leicester (Easton, Pa.: Journal of Chemical Education, 1968), pp. 667-699.
  • Seltene Erden. Gmelins Handbuch der anorganische Chemie, 8. Aufl.; System-Nummer 39 (1938).

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements