66. Dysprosium - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

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Dysprosium – Dysprosium – Dysprosium – Disprósio – ジスプロシウム – Диспрозий – 鏑
Multilingual dictionary

Dysprosium Latin

— Germanic
Disprosium Afrikaans
Dysprosium Danish
Dysprosium German
Dysprosium English
Dysprosium Faroese
Dysprosium Frisian (West)
Dysprósín Icelandic
Dysprosium Luxembourgish
Dysprosium Dutch
Dysprosium Norwegian
Dysprosium Swedish

— Italic
Disprosio Aragonese
Disproziumu Aromanian
Disprosiu Asturian
Disprosi Catalan
Disprósio Spanish
Dysprosium French
Disprosi Friulian
Disprosio Galician
Disprosio Italian
Disprúsi Lombard
Dispròsi Occitan
Disprósio Portuguese
Disprosiu Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Диспросий [Disprosij] Bulgarian
Dysprosijum, ²Disprozij Bosnian
Дыспрозій [dysprozij] Belarusian
Dysprosium Czech
Disprozij Croatian
Dispóz Kashubian
Диспрозиум [Disprozium] Macedonian
Dyspoz Polish
Диспрозий [Disprozij] Russian
Dysprosium Slovak
Disprozij Slovenian
Диспрозијум [Disprozijum] Serbian
Диспрозій [dysprozij] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Disprozis Lithuanian
Disprozijs Latvian
Dėspruozis Samogitian

— Celtic
Disproziom Breton
Dysprosiwm Welsh
Diospróisiam Gaelic (Irish)
Diospròisiam Gaelic (Scottish)
Dysproshum Gaelic (Manx)
Dysprosyum Cornish

— Other Indo-European
Δυσπροσιο [dysprosio] Greek
Դիսպրոզիում [disprozium] Armenian
Disporz, ²Dysprosiumi Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Disprosyûm Kurdish
Диспрозий [disprozij] Ossetian
Диспрозий [Disprozi'] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
ডিসপ্রোসিয়াম [ḍisprosiẏāma] Bengali
دیسپروزیم [dysprwzym] Persian
ડિસ્પ્રોઝિયમનો [ḍisprojhiyamano] Gujarati
डिस्प्रोसियम [ḍisprosiyama] Hindi

Düsproosium Estonian
Dysprosium Finnish
Diszprózium Hungarian
Диспрозий [Disprozij] Komi
Диспрозий [Disprozij] Mari
Диспрози [disprozi] Moksha
Düsproosium Võro

Disprozium Azerbaijani
Диспрози [Disprozi] Chuvash
Диспрозий [disprozij] Kazakh
Диспрозий [Disprozij] Kyrgyz
Диспрози [disprozi] Mongolian
Disprosyum Turkish
دىسپروزىي [disproziy] Uyghur
Disproziy Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Disprosioa Basque
დისპროზიუმი [disproziumi] Georgian

ديسبروسيوم [disbrūziyūm] Arabic
דיספרוסיום [disprosium] Hebrew
Disprożjum, ²Disprosju Maltese

Tit (鏑) Hakka
ジスプロシウム [jisupuroshiumu] Japanese
디스프로슘 [diseupeurosyum] Korean
ดิสโพรเซียม [disphrōsiam] Thai
Đysprosi, Đisprozi Vietnamese
[di2 / dik9] Chinese

Disprosyo Cebuano
Disprosium Indonesian
Dysprosium Māori
Disprosium Malay

Other Asiatic
ഡിസ്പ്രോസിയം [ḍisprōsiyam] Malayalam
டைஸ்புரோக்யம் [ţaispurōciyam] Tamil

Diposu Lingala
Disprosiamo Sesotho
Disprosi Swahili

Disprosio Nahuatl

Disprosyu Quechua

Disprosimi Sranan Tongo

Disprozio Esperanto

New names
Dypron Atomic Elements
Polarum Dorseyville
memory peg

Gray-white metal
melting point 1412 °C; 2574 °F
boiling point 2562 °C; 4644 °F
density 8.55 g/cc; 533.76 pounds/cubic foot
1886 François Lecoq de Boisbaudran, France
δυσπροσιτος (dysprositos) = hard to obtain (Greek)

History & Etymology

The rare earth erbia, as described by the Swedish chemist Nils Johan Berlin (see Erbium) was examined by Jacques-Louis Soret in 1878 and by Per Theodor Cleve in 1879 (note). They both found a new earth, did not name it (in literature is is called Soretís X or Element X), Cleve named it holmia (see Holmium).

This new earth was impure too and split by François Lecoq de Boisbaudran in 1886 into true holmia and a new oxide, which he named dysprosia (note), derived from the Greek δυσπροσιτος [dysprositos] = hard to obtain, because of the difficulty involved in its detection and isolation.

Lecoq described in 1886 the elements Zα and Zβ, the former probably identical with Dysprosium (note)

According to a list of the US government a synonym name is Demonium. I have not found further details.

John and Gordon Marks suggested in 1994 the name Suevium (Su), together with Norium (=Terbium) after Norway and Sweden where the lanthanides were discovered. The Marks brothers found the old names ugly and confusing. They offered alternative names that are equivalent contemporary (at the time and place of discovery) metaphors, both more euphonious and more memorable (note).

See also: Chronological list of discovery of the rare earths and their names

Further reading
  • Mary Elvira Weeks, Discovery of the Elements, comp. rev. by Henry M. Leicester (Easton, Pa.: Journal of Chemical Education, 1968), pp. 667-699.
  • Seltene Erden. Gmelins Handbuch der anorganische Chemie, 8. Aufl.; System-Nummer 39 (1938).

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements