Places of Discovery - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

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Places where elements were discovered

Antiquity and Middle Ages

6 Carbonium carbon
16 Sulphirium sulphur
26 Ferrum iron
29 Cuprum copper
33 Arsenicum arsenic
47 Argentum silver
50 Stannum tin
51 Stibium antimony
79 Aurum gold
80 Hydrargyrum mercury
82 Plumbum lead
83 Bismuth

Austria

1885 59 Praseodymium Carl F. Auer von Welsbach
1885 60 Neodymium Carl F. Auer von Welsbach

Denmark

1825 13 Aluminium Hans Christian Oersted
1923 72 Hafnium Dirk Coster & George Charles von Hevesy

Finland

1794 39 Yttrium Johann Gadolin

France

1797 24 Chromium Nicholas Louis Vauquelin
1798 4 Beryllium Nicholas Louis Vauquelin
1808 5 Borium Joseph-Louis Gay-Lussac, L.J. Thénard (and Davy)
1811 53 Iodium Bernard Courtois
1826 35 Bromium Antoine-J. Balard
1875 31 Gallium Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
1879 62 Samarium Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
1886 9 Fluorine Henri Moissan
1886 66 Dysprosium Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
1898 84 Polonium Marie Sklodowska Curie
1898 88 Radium Pierre and Marie Curie
1899 89 Actinium André Debierne
1901 63 Europium Eugene Demarcay
1907 71 Lutetium Georges Urbain (and Welsbach)
1939 87 Francium Marguerite Perey (Institut Curie, Paris)

Germany

1669 15 Phosphorus Hennig Brand
1746 30 Zinc Andreas Marggraf
1789 40 Zirconium Martin Heinrich Klaproth (Berlin)
1789 92 Uranium Martin Klaproth
1803 58 Cerium Wilhelm von Hisinger & Martin Klaproth (and Berzelius)
1817 48 Cadmium Friedrich Strohmeyer
1860 55 Cesium Gustav Kirchhoff & Robert Bunsen
1861 37 Rubidium Robert Bunsen & Gustav Kirchhoff
1863 49 Indium Ferdinand Reich & Hieronymus Theodor Richter
1886 32 Germanium Clemens Winkler
1900 86 Radon Friedrich Ernst Dorn
1907 71 Lutetium Carl Auer von Welsbach (and Urbain)
1913 91 Protactinium Otto Hahn & Lise Meitner (and Soddy & Cranston)
1925 75 Rhenium Walter Noddack, Ida Tacke, & Otto Berg

GSI Darmstadt = Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt.
1981 107 Bohrium Peter Armbruster, Gottfried Münzenberg and their co-workers
1982 109 Meitnerium Peter Armbruster, Gottfried Münzenberg and their co-workers
1984 108 Hassium Peter Armbruster, Gottfried Münzenberg and their co-workers
1994 110 Ununnilium S. Hofmann, V. Ninov, F. P. Hessberger, P. Armbruster, H. Folger, G. Münzenberg, H. J. Schött, and others
1994 111 Unununium S. Hofmann, V. Ninov, F. P. Hessberger, P. Armbruster, H. Folger, G. Münzenberg, and others
1996 112 Ununbium S. Hofmann, V. Ninov, F. P. Hessberger, P. Armbruster, H. Folger, G. Münzenberg, and others

Italy

1937 43 Technetium Carlo Perrier & Emilio Segre

Romania

1783 52 Tellurium Franz Joseph Müller von Reichenstein

Russia, formerly Soviet Union

1844 44 Ruthenium Karl Karlovich Klaus

Dubna = Joint Nuclear Institute, Dubna, Russia
1964 104 Rutherfordium Kurchatovium
1967 105 Dubnium
1998 114 Ununquadium

South America

1735 78 Platinum Antonio de Ulloa

Spain

1783 74 Wolfram Fausto & Juan Jose de Elhuyar

Sweden

1735 27 Cobalt Georg Brandt
1751 28 Nickel Axel Fredrik Cronstedt
1774 17 Chlorine Carl William Scheele
1774 8 Oxygenium Carl William Scheele (and Priestley)
1774 25 Manganese Johann Gahn
1781 42 Molybdenum Carl William Scheele
1802 73 Tantalum Anders Gustaf Ekeberg
1803 58 Cerium Jakob Berzelius (and Klaproth & Hisinger)
1817 34 Selenium Jakob Berzelius
1817 3 Lithium Johan August Arfwedson
1824 14 Silicium Jakob Berzelius
1829 90 Thorium Jakob Berzelius
1830 23 Vanadium Nils Sefström
1839 57 Lanthanium Carl Gustaf Mosander
1842 68 Erbium Carl G. Mosander
1843 65 Terbium Carl G. Mosander
1876 21 Scandium Lars Fredrik Nilson
1879 69 Thulium Per Theodore Cleve
1895 2 Helium N. A. Langley & Per Theodor Cleve (Uppsala) (and Ramsay)

1957 102 Nobelium Nobel Institute for Physics (and Seaborg a.o.)

Switzerland

1867 67 Holmium J. L. Soret and Delafontaine
1878 70 Ytterbium Jean de Marignac
1880 64 Gadolinium Jean de Marignac

United Kingdom

1772 7 Nitrogenium Daniel Rutherford
1774 8 Oxygenium Joseph Priestley (and Scheele)
1776 1 Hydrogenium Henry Cavendish (London)
1787-90 38 Strontium William Cruikshank & Adair Crawford (Scotland)
1791 22 Titanium William Gregor (England)
1801 41 Niobium Charles Hatchett (England)
1803 45 Rhodium William Hyde Wollaston
1803 46 Palladium William Hyde Wollaston
1803 76 Osmium Smithson Tennant
1803 77 Iridium Smithson Tennant (and Fourcroy, Vauquelin, & Collet-Descotils)
1807 11 Natrium Sir Humphrey Davy (England)
1807 19 Kalium potassium Sir Humphrey Davy (England)
1808 5 Borium Sir Humphrey Davy (England) (and Gay-Lussac & Thénard)
1808 12 Magnesium Sir Humphrey Davy (England)
1808 20 Calcium Sir Humphrey Davy (England)
1808 56 Barium Sir Humphrey Davy (England)
1861 81 Thallium Sir William Crookes (England)
1894 18 Argon Sir William Ramsay & Lord Rayleigh (Scotland)
1895 2 Helium Sir William Ramsay (London) (and Langley & Cleve)
1898 10 Neon Sir William Ramsay & Morris W. Travers
1898 36 Krypton Sir William Ramsay & Morris W. Travers
1898 54 Xenon Sir William Ramsay & Morris W. Travers
1913 91 Protactinium Frederick Soddy & John Cranston (and Hahn & Meitner)

United States

1945 61 Promethium J. A. Marinsky, Lawrence Glendenin, Charles D. Coryell (Oak Ridge, Tennessee)

University of California, Berkeley, Calif. (USA), 1999 with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, (California, USA).
1940 85 Astatium Dale Corson, K.R. MacKenzie, E. Segré
1940 93 Neptunium Edwin M. McMillan and P. H. Abelson
1940 94 Plutonium Glenn T. Seaborg, J. W. Kennedy, E. M. McMillan, A. C. Wahl
1949 97 Berkelium Glenn T. Seaborg, Stanley G. Thompson, Albert Ghiorso
1950 98 Californium Glenn T. Seaborg, Stanley G. Thompson, Albert Ghiorso, Kenneth Street
1952 99 Einsteinium Ghiorgio a.o.
1952 100 Fermium Ghiorgio a.o.
1955 101 Mendelevium Glenn T. Seaborg, Albert Ghiorso, Bernard Harvey, Gregory Choppin, Stanley G. Thompson
1958 102 Nobelium Seaborg a.o. (and Nobel Institute for Physics)
1961 103 Lawrencium Albert Ghiorso, Torbjorn Sikkeland, Almon Larsh, Robert M. Latimer
1967 104 Rutherfordium Ghiorso, Nurmia, Harris, K.A.Y. Eskola, and P.L. Eskola also at Dubna, 1964
1970 105 Hahnium (renamed Dubnium)
1974 106 Seaborgium Albert Ghiorso a.o. (in coop. with the Livermore National Laboratory)
1999 116 Ununhexium V. Ninov, K.E. Gregorich, W. Loveland, A. Ghiorso, D.C. Hoffman, D.M. Lee, H. Nitsche, W.J. Swiatecki, U.W. Kirbach, C.A. Laue, J.L. Adams, J.B. Patin, D.A. Shaughnessy, D.A. Strellis, and P.A. Wilk
1999 118 Ununoctium V. Ninov, K.E. Gregorich, W. Loveland, A. Ghiorso, D.C. Hoffman, D.M. Lee, H. Nitsche, W.J. Swiatecki, U.W. Kirbach, C.A. Laue, J.L. Adams, J.B. Patin, D.A. Shaughnessy, D.A. Strellis, and P.A. Wilk
Metallurgical Laboratory, Chicago, Ill. (now the Argonne National Laboratory)
1944 95 Americium Glenn Seaborg, Ralph A. James, Morgan and Albert Ghiorso a.o.
1944 96 Curium Glenn T. Seaborg, Ralph A. James, Albert Ghiorso

© Peter van der Krogt