54. Xenon - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

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54
Xenon
Xenon – Xenon – Xénon – Xenón – キセギン – Ксенон – 氙
Xe
Multilingual dictionary

Indo-European
Xenon Latin

— Germanic
Xenon Afrikaans
Xenon Danish
Xenon German
Xenon English
Xenon Faroese
Xenon Frisian (West)
Xenon Icelandic
Xenon Luxembourgish
Xenon Dutch
Xenon Norwegian
Xenon Swedish

— Italic
Xenón Aragonese
Xenon Aromanian
Xenón Asturian
Xenó Catalan
Xenón Spanish
Xénon French
Xenon Friulian
Xenon Galician
Xeno Italian
Xéen Lombard
Xenon Occitan
Xénon Portuguese
Xenon Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Ксенон [Ksenon] Bulgarian
Ksenon Bosnian
Ксенон, Ксэнон [ksenon, ksènon] Belarusian
Xenon Czech
Ksenon Croatian
Ksenón Kashubian
Ксенон [Ksenon] Macedonian
Ksenon Polish
Ксенон [Ksenon] Russian
Xenón Slovak
Ksenon Slovenian
Ксенон [Ksenon] Serbian
Ксенон [ksenon] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Ksenonas Lithuanian
Ksenons Latvian
Ksenuons Samogitian

— Celtic
Ksenon Breton
Xenon Welsh
Xeanón Gaelic (Irish)
Xeanon Gaelic (Scottish)
Xenon Gaelic (Manx)
Xenon Cornish

— Other Indo-European
Ξενο [Xeno] Greek
Քսենոն [k'senon] Armenian
Ksenon, ²Xenoni Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Ksenon Kurdish
Ксенон [ksenon] Ossetian
Ксенон [Ksenon] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
জেনন [jenana] Bengali
گزنون [gznwn] Persian
ઝેનોનનો [jhenonano] Gujarati
ज़ेनान [jenāna] Hindi

Finno-Ugric
Ksenoon Estonian
Ksenon Finnish
Xenon Hungarian
Ксенон [Ksenon] Komi
Ксенон [Ksenon] Mari
Зенон [zenon] Moksha
Ksenoon Võro

Altaic
Ksenon Azerbaijani
Ксенон [Ksenon] Chuvash
Ксенон [ksenon] Kazakh
Ксенон [Ksenon] Kyrgyz
Ксенон [ksenon] Mongolian
Ksenon Turkish
كسېنون [ksenon] Uyghur
Ksenon Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Xenona Basque
ქსენონი [k'senoni] Georgian

Afro-Asiatic
إكسينون [zīnūn] Arabic
קסנון [ksenon] Hebrew
Żenon, ²Xenu Maltese

Sino-Tibetan
Siên (氙) Hakka
キセギン [kisenon] Japanese
크세논, 2제논 [keusenon, jenon] Korean
ซีนอน [sīnon] Thai
Xenon Vietnamese
[xian1 / sin1] Chinese

Malayo-Polynesian
Xenon Cebuano
Xenon Indonesian
Xenon Māori
Xenon, ²Senon Malay

Other Asiatic
സെനൊണ്‍ [senoṇ] Malayalam
செனன் [ceṉaṉ] Tamil

Africa
Zenoni Lingala
Xenone Sesotho
Zenoni Swahili

North-America
Xenon Nahuatl

South-America
Senun Quechua

Creole
Ksenoni Sranan Tongo

Artificial
Ksenono Esperanto

New names
Zenon Atomic Elements
Noble Dorseyville
memory peg

Colorless gas with a very slight odor. Slightly anesthetic when inhaled
melting point -112 °C; -169 °F
boiling point 107 °C; -161 °F
density 0.0059 g/cc; 0.37 pounds/cubic foot
1898 Sir William Ramsay and Morris W. Travers, England
ξενος (xenos) = strange (Greek)

History & Etymology

Xenon occurs in slight traces in gases within the Earth and is present to an extent of about 0.0000086 percent, or about one part in 10,000,000, by volume of dry air.

Xenon was the last noble gas to be discovered. In the sequence of several studies made by Sir William Ramsay (1852-1916) and Morris W. Travers (1872-1961), in 1898, and by repeated fractionation of Krypton an extremely dense gas was obtained that those two scientists were unable to identify (12 July 1898). The spectroscopic analysis of that gas revealed that was a new element that was named Xenon. This name derives from the Greek word ξενος [xenos] = strange.

Xenon is used in lamps that produce intense, extremely short flashes of light, such as stroboscopes and lights for high-speed photography. When a charge of electricity is passed through the gas at low pressure, it emits a flash of bluish-white light; at higher pressures white light resembling daylight is emitted. Xenon flash lamps are used to activate ruby lasers.

 

Further reading
  • W. Ramsay, The Gases of the Atmosphere: The History of Their Discovery. London: Macmillan, 1915.
  • Mary Elvira Weeks, Discovery of the Elements, comp. rev. by Heny M. Leicester (Easton, Pa.: Journal of Chemical Education, 1968), pp. 767-769.
  • Edelgasse. Gmelins Handbuch der anorganische Chemie, 8. Aufl.; System-Nummer 1 (1926).


Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements