Elementymology & Elements Multidict
Strontium – Strontium – Strontium – Estroncio – スエロンチウム – Стронций – 鍶
Strontium Frisian (West)
Stronţiu Romanian - Moldovan
SlavicСтронций [Stroncij] Bulgarian
Стронцый [stroncyj] Belarusian
Стронциум [Stroncium] Macedonian
Стронций [Stroncij] Russian
Стронцијум [Stroncijum] Serbian
Стронцій [stroncij] Ukrainian
Strointiam Gaelic (Irish)
Strointiam Gaelic (Scottish)
Stroinçhum Gaelic (Manx)
Other Indo-EuropeanΣτροντιο [strontio] Greek
Ստրոնցիում [stronts'ium] Armenian
Stroncium, ²Strontiumi Albanian
Стронций [stroncij] Ossetian
Стронсий [Stronsi'] Tajik
Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryanস্ট্রনসিয়াম [sṭransiẏāma] Bengali
استرونسیم [astrwnsym] Persian
સ્ટ્રૉંટીયમનો [sṭro'ṭīyamano] Gujarati
स्ट्रोन्सियम [sṭronsiyama] Hindi
Стронций [Stroncij] Komi
Стронций [Stroncij] Mari
Стронти [stronti] Moksha
Стронци [Stronci] Chuvash
Стронций [stroncij] Kazakh
Стронций [Stroncij] Kyrgyz
Стронци [stronci] Mongolian
سترونتسىي [strontsiy] Uyghur
Other (Europe)Estrontzioa Basque
სტორცინიუმი [storc'iniumi] Georgian
Afro-Asiaticسترانشيوم [istiruntiyūm] Arabic
סטרונציום [strontsium] Hebrew
Sino-TibetanSṳ̂ (鍶) Hakka
スエロンチウム [sutoronchiumu] Japanese
스트논듐 or 스트론튬 [seuteurontyum] Korean
สทรอนเชียม [sathronchiam] Thai
鍶 [si1 / si1] Chinese
Other Asiaticസ്ട്രോണ്ഷിയം [sṭrōṇṣiyam] Malayalam
ஸ்ட்ரோண்டியம் [sţrōņţiyam] Tamil
CreoleStrontimi Sranan Tongo
New namesStronton Atomic Elements
History & Etymology
For the discovery of Strontium several chemists are credited: Cruikshank (1787), Crawford (1790), Hope (1791), Klaproth (1793), Kirwan (1794), and finally Davy (1808).
The earliest chemical work on this mineral was by William Cruikshank in 1787, and by the Irish physician Adair Crawford (1748-1795) in 1790. They concluded that it contained a new earth.
In September 1793, Martin Heinrich Klaproth published a paper describing a series of parallel experiments made with strontianite and witherite (barium carbonate). In 1794 he prepared Strontium oxide and Strontium hydroxide.
On 4 November 1793 Thomas Hope (1766-1844), professor of chemistry in the University of Edinburgh, read to the Royal Society of Edinburgh a paper, summarised in the Society's Transactions in 1794 but not published in full until 1798, in which he reported that he began to work on the mineral from Strontian in 1791 and in a series of experiments he showed that it contained a "hitherto unknown kind of earth". He called the mineral strontianite and the new earth strontia after the locality of the mine.
On 9 January 1794 the Irish chemist Richard Kirwan (1733-1812) read a paper to the Royal Irish Academy and described a number of careful experiments including the preparation of a number of salts of Strontium and of the oxide and hydroxide.
W.P. Doyle, in his biography of Thomas Hope, concluded that "the original discovery of the individual nature of strontianite must be ascribed to Crawford and Cruickshank; while Klaproth, Hope and Kirwan contributed equally and independently to the examination of the properties of strontianite and to the preparation of several compounds of strontium and their differentiation from those of barium."
In 1807-08 Sir Humphry Davy, who had previously isolated the elements Sodium, Potassium, Barium, Calcium and Magnesium, managed by similar techniques to isolate the unknown element from strontianite. In his paper read for the Royal Society of London on 30 June 1808, he referred to the new alkaline earth metals in this way (note):
StrontianStrontian (pronounced /strɒnˈtiən/ (stron-tee-ən)) (Scottish Gaelic: Sròn an t-Sìthein) is the main village in Sunart, an area in western Lochaber, Highland, Scotland, on the A861 road. It lies on the north shore of Loch Sunart, close to the head of the loch. In the hills to the north of Strontian Thomas Charles Hope discovered the mineral strontianite, from which the element strontium was first isolated. The village name in Gaelic, Sròn an t-Sìthein, translates as the nose [ie. 'point'] of the fairy hill, meaning a knoll or low round hill inhabited by the mythological sìdhe (note).
STRONTIUM, from Ore first found at Strontian,
Scotland, is a dark yellow colour'd metal;
It speedily oxides in Air, or Water.
Its Salts tinge candle flame a fine crimson;
They act sometimes like Barium compounds.