21. Scandium - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

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21
Scandium
Scandium – Skandium – Scandium – Escandio – スカンジウム – Скандий – 鈧
Sc
Multilingual dictionary

Indo-European
Scandium Latin

— Germanic
Skandium Afrikaans
Scandium, Skandium Danish
Skandium German
Scandium English
Skandium Faroese
Scandium Frisian (West)
Skandín Icelandic
Skandium Luxembourgish
Scandium Dutch
Scandium Norwegian
Skandium Swedish

— Italic
Escandio Aragonese
Scandiumu Aromanian
Escandiu Asturian
Escandi Catalan
Escandio Spanish
Scandium French
Scandi Friulian
Escandio Galician
Scandio Italian
Scandi Lombard
Escandi Occitan
Escândio Portuguese
Scandiu Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Скандий [Skandij] Bulgarian
Skandij[um] Bosnian
Скандый [skandyj] Belarusian
Skandium Czech
Skandij Croatian
Skónd Kashubian
Скандиум [Skandium] Macedonian
Skand Polish
Скандий [Skandij] Russian
Skandium Slovak
Skandij Slovenian
Скандијум [Skandijum] Serbian
Скандій [skandij] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Skandis Lithuanian
Skandijs Latvian
Skandis Samogitian

— Celtic
Skandiom Breton
Scandiwm Welsh
Scaindiam Gaelic (Irish)
Scaindiam Gaelic (Scottish)
Scandjum Gaelic (Manx)
Scandyum Cornish

— Other Indo-European
Σκανdιο [skandio] Greek
Սկանդիում [skandium] Armenian
Skandium, ²Scandiumi Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Skandiyûm Kurdish
Скандий [skandij] Ossetian
Скандий [Skandi'] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
স্ক্যান্ডিয়াম [skyānḍiẏāma] Bengali
اسکاندیم [askandym] Persian
સ્કૅનડિયમનો [skenḍiyamano] Gujarati
स्काण्डियम [skāṇḍiyama] Hindi

Finno-Ugric
Skandium Estonian
Skandium Finnish
Szkandium Hungarian
Скандий [Skandij] Komi
Скандий [Skandij] Mari
Сканди [skandi] Moksha
Skandium Võro

Altaic
Skandium Azerbaijani
Сканди [Skandi] Chuvash
Скандий [skandij] Kazakh
Скандий [Skandij] Kyrgyz
Сканди [skandi] Mongolian
Skandiyum Turkish
سكاندىي [skandiy] Uyghur
Skandiy Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Eskandioa Basque
სკანდიუმი [skandiumi] Georgian

Afro-Asiatic
سكانديوم [iskandiyūm] Arabic
סקנדיום [skandium] Hebrew
Skandju[m] Maltese

Sino-Tibetan
Khong (鈧) Hakka
スカンジウム [sukanjiumu] Japanese
스칸듐 [seukandyum] Korean
สแคนเดียม [sakhaendiam] Thai
Scandi Vietnamese
[kang4 / kong3] Chinese

Malayo-Polynesian
Eskandyo Cebuano
Skandium Indonesian
Scandium Māori
Skandium Malay

Other Asiatic
സ്കാന്‍ഡിയം [skānḍiyam] Malayalam
ஸ்கண்டியம் [skaņţiyam] Tamil

Africa
Sekandu Lingala
Skandiamo Sesotho
Skandi Swahili

North-America
Escandio Nahuatl

South-America
Iskandyu Quechua

Creole
Skandimi Sranan Tongo

Artificial
Skandio Esperanto

New names
Scandion Atomic Elements
Wolframiteium Dorseyville
memory peg

Yellow-white metal which forms a multitude of colors as is slowly oxidizes
melting point 1541 °C; 2806 °F
boiling point 2831 °C; 5128 °F
density 3 g/cc; 186.6 pounds/cubic foot
1876 Lars Fredrick Nilson, Sweden
Scandia = Scandinavia (Latin)

History & Etymology

On the basis of his Periodic System Mendeleyev predicted the existence of ekaboron between calcium and titanium. The metal was discovered by the Swedish chemist Lars Fredrick Nilson (1840-1899), a student of Berzelius, in 1876.

In 1879 he split Marignac's ytterbia (see the special Rare Earths page) into two new earth, pure ytterbia and a new element that he found matched Mendeleyev´s ekaboron. In 1879/80 he published his findings (note).

Nilson explained the naming of the element thus: "For the element thus characterized I propose the name «scandium», which will bring to mind its presence in gadolinite or euxenite, minerals that have so far been found only in the Scandinavian Peninsula."

Further reading
  • Mary Elvira Weeks, Discovery of the Elements, comp. rev. by Heny M. Leicester (Easton, Pa.: Journal of Chemical Education, 1968), pp.649-655 & 667-699.
  • Seltene Erden. Gmelins Handbuch der anorganische Chemie, 8. Aufl.; System-Nummer 39 (1938).
  • Lauri Niinistö, "Discovery and Separation of Rare Earths". In Rare Earths, ed. Regino Sáez Puche & Paul A. Caro, 25-42. Madrid: Editorial Complutense, 1997.

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements