111. Roentgenium - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

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111
Roentgenium
Roentgenium – Röntgenium – Roentgenium – Roentgenio – レントゲニウム – Рентгений – 錀
Rg
Multilingual dictionary

Indo-European
Roentgenium Latin

— Germanic
Roentgenium Afrikaans
Roentgenium Danish
Röntgenium German
Roentgenium English
Roentgenium Faroese
Roentgenium Frisian (West)
Röntgenín Icelandic
Roentgenium Luxembourgish
Roentgenium Dutch
Röntgenium Norwegian
Röntgenium Swedish

— Italic
Roentgenio Aragonese
Roentxeniu Asturian
Roentgeni Catalan
Roentgenio Spanish
Roentgenium French
Roentgjeni Friulian
Roentgenio Galician
Roentgenio Italian
Röntgéeni Lombard
Roentgèni Occitan
Roentgênio Portuguese
Roentgeniu Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Рьонтгений [R'ontgenij] Bulgarian
Rentgenijum, ²Roentgenij Bosnian
Рэнтгеній [rèntgenij] Belarusian
Roentgenium Czech
Roentgenij Croatian
Унунуниум [Ununnium] Macedonian
Roentgen Polish
Рентгений [Rentgenij] Russian
Roentgenium Slovak
Rentgenij Slovenian
Рентгенијум [Rentgenijum] Serbian
Рентгеній [Rentgenij] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Rentgenis Lithuanian
Rentgenijs Latvian
Rentgenis Samogitian

— Celtic
Roentgeniwm Welsh
Rointginiam Gaelic (Irish)
Roentgenium Gaelic (Manx)

— Other Indo-European
Ρεντγκένιο [rentgenio] Greek
Roentgenium[i] Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Roentgeniyûm Kurdish
Рентгений [Rentgeni'] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
রোয়েন্টজেনিয়াম [roẏenṭajeniẏāma] Bengali
રૅન્ટગનિયમનો [--] Gujarati
रॉन्टजैनियम [ronṭjainiyama] Hindi

Finno-Ugric
Röntgeenium Estonian
Roentgenium Finnish
Röntgenium Hungarian
Рентгений [Rentgenij] Komi
Рентгений [Rentgenij] Mari
Röntgeenium Võro

Altaic
Roentgenium Azerbaijani
Рентгени [Rentgeni] Chuvash
Рентгени [Rentgeni] Mongolian
Röntgenyum Turkish
Rentgeniy Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Roentgenio Basque

Afro-Asiatic
رونتجينيوم [] Arabic
רנטגניום [--] Hebrew
Roentgenju Maltese

Sino-Tibetan
Lùn (錀) Hakka
レントゲニウム [rentogeniumu] Japanese
เรินต์เกนียม [roenkēniam] Thai
Roentgeni Vietnamese
[--] Chinese

Malayo-Polynesian
Roentgenyo Cebuano
Roentgenium Indonesian
Roentgenium Māori
Roentgenium Malay

Other Asiatic
റോണ്ട്ഗെനിയം [ṟōṇṭgeniyam] Malayalam
யுனுனுனியம் [yuṉuṉuṉiyam] Tamil

Africa
Luntenu? Lingala
Roentgeniamo Sesotho
Roentgeni Swahili

North-America
Roentgenio Nahuatl

South-America
Roentgenyu Quechua

Creole
Runtgenimi Sranan Tongo

Artificial
Rentgenio Esperanto

New names
memory peg

Artificial radioactive element
melting point -- °C; -- °F
boiling point -- °C; -- °F
density -- g/cc; -- pounds/cubic foot
1994 Sigurd Hofmann and co-workers, Darmstadt, Germany
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen

History & Etymology

First prepared in 1994 by Sigurd Hofmann, Victor Ninov, Fritz Peter Heßberger, Peter Armbruster, H. Folger, Gottfried Münzenberg, H.J. Schött (Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany), Andre Georgievich Popeko, Alexander Vladimirovich Yeremin, A.N. Andreyev (Лаборатория ядерных реакций им. Г.Н. Флерова / Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, FLNR - ОИЯИ / JINR, Дубна (Dubna), Russia), S. Saro, Rudolf Janik (Katedra jadrovej fyziky, Univerzita Komenského, Bratislava, Slovakia), and Matti Leino (Fysiikan laitos, Jyväskylän Yliopisto, Finland).

The new element 111 was produced and unambigously identified in an experiment at SHIP, GSI Darmstadt. In irradiations of 209Bi targets with 64Ni projectiles of 318 MeV and 320 MeV three nuclei of the isotope 272111 were observed. The cross sections are (1.7 +3.3 -1.4) pb and (3.5 +4.6 -2.3) pb, respectively. The nuclei decay by alpha emission into the new and so far heaviest isotopes of the elements 109 and 107 with mass nubers A=268 and A=264. The alpha decay chains were followed down to the known nuclei 260105 and 256Lr.

In 2003 was concluded that the criteria for discovery of an element had been fulfilled this by the collaboration of Hofmann et al. Following this assignment and in accordance with the procedures established by IUPAC for the naming of elements, the discoverers at the GSI were invited to propose a name and symbol. They propose the name roentgenium and the symbol Rg.
This proposal lies within the long established tradition of naming elements to honour famous scientists. The names of the previously discovered elements in row 7 of the Periodic Table also include the names of a series of scientists who have achieved fame in the areas of nuclear chemistry and nuclear physics and this proposal follows that precedent. The Division Committee of the Inorganic Chemistry Division has considered the proposal and recommends to the IUPAC Bureau and Council that the name roentgenium and symbol Rg for element 111 be accepted (Corish & Rosenblatt 2004).
Biography Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen.

Before 2004, the systematic IUPAC name was used (system explained at systematic IUPAC names).

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (Lennep, Germany 1845-München 1923), a German physicist, who, on 8 November 1895, produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays or Röntgen rays, an achievement that earned him the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901.

Following transliteration conventions for characters accented by an umlaut, "Röntgen" in English is spelled "Roentgen", and that is the usual rendering found in English-language scientific and medical references. (note).

Further reading
  • S. Hofman et al., "The New Element 111." Zeitschrift für Physik A 350 (1995), 281-282 (Submitted December 20, 1994) (Abstract on-line).
  • P.J. Karol, H. Nakahara, B.W. Petley, & E. Vogt, On the Discovery of the Elements 110112 (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure Appl.Chem. 73, 6 (2001), pp.959967 (PDF file on-line).
  • J. Corish and G.M. Rosenblatt, Name and Symbol of the Element with Atomic Number 111 (IUPAC Provisional Recommendation) - Draft 17 May 2004 (PDF file on-iine)

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements