Elementymology & Elements Multidict
Osmium – Osmium – Osmium – Osmio – オスミウム – Осмий – 鋨
Osmium Frisian (West)
Osmiu Romanian - Moldovan
SlavicОсмий [Osmij] Bulgarian
Осмій [osmij] Belarusian
Осмиум [Osmium] Macedonian
Осмий [Osmij] Russian
Осмијум [Osmijum] Serbian
Осмій [osmij] Ukrainian
Oismiam Gaelic (Irish)
Oismiam Gaelic (Scottish)
Osmium Gaelic (Manx)
Other Indo-EuropeanΟσμιο [osmio] Greek
Օսմիում [ōsmium] Armenian
Осмий [osmij] Ossetian
Осмий [Osmi'] Tajik
Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryanঅসমিয়াম [asamiẏāma] Bengali
اوسمیم [awsmym] Persian
ઑસ્મિયમનો [osmiyamano] Gujarati
अस्मियम [asmiyama] Hindi
Осмий [Osmij] Komi
Осмий [Osmij] Mari
Осми [osmi] Moksha
Осми [Osmi] Chuvash
Осмий [osmij] Kazakh
Осмий [Osmij] Kyrgyz
Осми [osmi] Mongolian
ئوسمىي ['osmiy] Uyghur
Other (Europe)Osmioa Basque
ოსმიუმი [osmiumi] Georgian
Afro-Asiaticازميوم [ūzmiyūm] Arabic
אוסמיום [osmium] Hebrew
Sino-TibetanNgò (鋨) Hakka
オスミウム [osumiumu] Japanese
오스뮴 [oseumyum] Korean
ออสเมียม [osmiam] Thai
Osimi, Osmi Vietnamese
鋨 [e2 / oh4] Chinese
Other Asiaticഓസ്മിയം [ōsmiyam] Malayalam
ஒஸ்மியம் [osmiyam] Tamil
CreoleOsmimi Sranan Tongo
New namesOsmion Atomic Elements
History & Etymology
William Hyde Wollaston and Smithson Tennant (1761-1815), who had befriended at Cambridge, formed in 1800 a secret partnership to share expenses and income from ventures in commercially production of Platinum (see Platinum).
During their researches into the purification of platinum by dissolution of native platinum ore in aqua regia, a large amount of insoluble black powder remained as a byproduct of this operation. While Wollaston concentrated on the soluble portion and found Palladium (1802), Rhodium (1804). Tennant examined the insoluble residue. In the summer of 1803, Tennant identified two new elements, Osmium (1803) and Iridium (1803). This was documented in the paper he read to the Royal Society on 21 June 1804 (note).
The insoluble, dark residue was melted with alkalis and treated with acid, distilled and then condensed, leading to a greasy liquid, with a strong and peculiar smell, and then to a semi-transparent solid. Tennant showed that this residue contains two metals, Osmium and Iridium.
Of this oxide he wrote:
The residue itself was named osmiridium
About the same time, in Paris, suspected Hippolyte Victor Collet-Descotils, the existence of a new metal by the black powder formed by the dissolution of native Platinum in aqua regia. In 1803 Antoine-François de Fourcroy and Nicolas-Louis Vauquelin observed this black powder and came to the conclusion that in the insoluble residue a new metal is present.
In his paper for the Royal Society on the 21 June 1804 Tennant mentioned the parallel research in France by Descotils and Vauquelin. Both chemists found Osmium, "But," wrote Tennant, "neither of these chemists have observed that it contains also another metal, different from any hitherto known." This other metal is osmium (Weeks 1968).
OSMIUM, Platinum's fickle associate,
In pulverulent state is black, in compact state
Is a dark gray, moderately lustrous, metal
Sufficiently mall'able to be roll'd.
Osmium is soon powder'd, and promptly inflamed,
Burning with powerful offensive odour
That resembles Chlorine or Iodine.