42. Molybdenum - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

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42
Molybdenum
Molybdeen – Molybdän – Molybdène – Molibdeno – モリザェン – Молибден – 鉬
Mo
Multilingual dictionary

Indo-European
Molybdenum Latin

— Germanic
Molibdeen Afrikaans
Molybdæn Danish
Molybdän German
Molybdenum English
Molybden Faroese
Molybdeen Frisian (West)
Mólýbden Icelandic
Molybdän Luxembourgish
Molybdeen Dutch
Molybden Norwegian
Molybden Swedish

— Italic
Molibdén Aragonese
Molibdenu Aromanian
Molibdenu Asturian
Molibdèn Catalan
Molibdeno Spanish
Molybdène French
Molibden Friulian
Molibdeno Galician
Molibdeno Italian
Mulibdéen Lombard
Molibdèn Occitan
Molibdénio Portuguese
Molibden Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Молибден [Molibden] Bulgarian
Molibden Bosnian
Малібдэн [malibdèn] Belarusian
Molybden Czech
Molibden Croatian
Molibdén Kashubian
Молибден [Molibden] Macedonian
Molibden Polish
Молибден [Molibden] Russian
Molybdén Slovak
Molibden Slovenian
Молибден [Molibden] Serbian
Молібден [molibden] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Molibdenas Lithuanian
Molibdens Latvian
Muolėbdens Samogitian

— Celtic
Molibden Breton
Molybdenwm Welsh
Molaibdéineam Gaelic (Irish)
Molaibdeanam Gaelic (Scottish)
Molybdenum Gaelic (Manx)
Molybdenum Cornish

— Other Indo-European
Μολυβδενιο [molyvdenio] Greek
Մոլիբդեն [molibden] Armenian
Molibden, ²Molybdeni Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Molibden Kurdish
Молибден [molibden] Ossetian
Молибден [Molibden] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
মলিবডেনাম [malibḍenāma] Bengali
مولیبدن [mwlybdn] Persian
મોલિબ્ડેનમનો [molibḍenamano] Gujarati
मोलिब्डेनम [molibḍenama] Hindi

Finno-Ugric
Molübdeen Estonian
Molybdeeni Finnish
Molibdén Hungarian
Молибден [Molibden] Komi
Молибден [Molibden] Mari
Молибден [molibden] Moksha
Molübdeen Võro

Altaic
Molibden Azerbaijani
Молибден [Molibden] Chuvash
Молибден [molibden] Kazakh
Молибден [Molibden] Kyrgyz
Молибден [molibden] Mongolian
Molibden Turkish
مولبېدىن [molbedin] Uyghur
Molibden Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Molibdenoa Basque
მოლიბდენი [molibdeni] Georgian

Afro-Asiatic
مولبيدنيوم [mūlībdīnūm] Arabic
מוליבדן [molibden] Hebrew
Molibdinum, ²Molibdenu Maltese

Sino-Tibetan
Muk (鉬) Hakka
モリザェン [moribuden] Japanese
몰리브덴, 2몰리브덴넘 [mollibeuden, mollibeudeneom] Korean
โมลิบดีนัม [mōlibdīnam] Thai
Molypđen, Molipđen Vietnamese
[mu4 / muk9] Chinese

Malayo-Polynesian
Molibdeno Cebuano
Molibden Indonesian
Molybdenum Māori
Molibdenum Malay

Other Asiatic
മൊളിബ്ഡിനം [moḷibḍinam] Malayalam
மொலிப்டெனம் [molipţeṉam] Tamil

Africa
Modemu Lingala
Molibdenamo Sesotho
Molibdeni Swahili

North-America
Molibdeno Nahuatl

South-America
Molibdenu Quechua

Creole
Molibdenimi Sranan Tongo

Artificial
Molibdeno Esperanto

New names
Molibion Atomic Elements
Molysteel Dorseyville
memory peg

Dark gray metal
melting point 2617 °C; 4743 °F
boiling point 4612 °C; 8334 °F
density 10.33 g/cc; 638.01 pounds/cubic foot
1778 Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Sweden
μολυβδος (molybdos) = lead ore (Greek)

History & Etymology

The name Molybdenum dates back to ancient times. The Greek physician Dioscurides, residing in Rome in the first century AD gave the name μολυβδος [molybdos] (later molybdos, molybdän, or molybdenum) to a number of substances that loose color like lead, they include all soft black minerals that leave black marks, such as galena (PbS), graphite (native C in hexagonal crystals, often named "plumbago" and "black lead"), Sb2S3, MoS2 and other lead ores; cf. the Greek name for the element lead.

In 1754 Bengt Qvist investigated molybdenite (MoS2) from the Bispberg Iron mine in Säter (Sweden), which was suspected to contain lead and to be identical with graphite. He found that when muffled gave off dense black fumes and sulphurous odor, leaving glistening white crystals. Eliminating Lead as an ingredient, he concluded molybdenite contained something metallic.

In 1778 the Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1742-1786) conducted further research on molybdenite and produced the oxide of a new element. He concluded also that it did not contain lead as was suspected and reported that the mineral contained a new element that he called Molybdenum after the mineral. He published his findings in a Treatise on Molybdena. Molybdenum metal was isolated in 1782 (or 1781) by the Swedish mineralogist Peter Jacob Hjelm (1746-1813).

Chemistianity 1873
TTYAN
MOLYBDENUM, found in Copper Smelter's "bear,"
Is a tin-white and very hard metal;
Heated in Air it forms yellow Trioxide.
A chief Ore is Molybdenum Disulphide
(Molybdenite) in semblance like Graphite,
It having strong lustre and lead-gray colour,
With quality to gray streak paper like Plumbago;
Also Molybdate of Lead (Yellow Lead Ore).
J. Carrington Sellars, Chemistianity, 1873, p. 157
Further reading
  • Mary Elvira Weeks, Discovery of the Elements, comp. rev. by Heny M. Leicester (Easton, Pa.: Journal of Chemical Education, 1968), pp. 260-266.
  • IMOA. History of Molybdenum.

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements