101. Mendelevium - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

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101
Mendelevium
Mendelevium – Mendelevium – Mendélévium – Mendelevio – メンェレコウム – Менделевий – 鍆
Md
Multilingual dictionary

Indo-European
Mendelevium Latin

— Germanic
Mendelevium Afrikaans
Mendelevium Danish
Mendelevium German
Mendelevium English
Mendelevium Faroese
Mendelevium Frisian (West)
Mendelevín Icelandic
Mendelevium Luxembourgish
Mendelevium Dutch
Mendelevium Norwegian
Mendelevium Swedish

— Italic
Mendelebio Aragonese
Mendeleviumu Aromanian
Mendeleviu Asturian
Mendelevi Catalan
Mendelevio Spanish
Mendélévium French
Mendelevi Friulian
Mendelevio Galician
Mendelevio Italian
Mendelévi Lombard
Mendelevi Occitan
Mendelévio Portuguese
Mendeleviu Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Менделевий [Mendelevij] Bulgarian
Mendelevij[um] Bosnian
Мендзялевій [mendzjalevij] Belarusian
Mendelevium Czech
Mendelevij Croatian
Mendeléw Kashubian
Менделевиум [Mendelevium] Macedonian
Mendelew Polish
Менделевий [Mendelevij] Russian
Mendelevium Slovak
Mendelevij Slovenian
Мендељевијум [Mendeljevijum] Serbian
Менделеевій [mendeljevij] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Mendelevis Lithuanian
Mendelevijs Latvian
Mendelevis Samogitian

— Celtic
Mendeleviom Breton
Mendelefiwm Welsh
Meindiléiviam Gaelic (Irish)
Meindilèiviam Gaelic (Scottish)
Mendelevium Gaelic (Manx)
Mendelevyum Cornish

— Other Indo-European
Μεντελεβιο [mentelevio] Greek
Մենդելեվիում [mendelevium] Armenian
Mendelevium Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Mendelevyûm Kurdish
Менделевий [mendelevij] Ossetian
Менделевий [Mendelevi'] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
মেন্ডেলিভিয়াম [menḍelibhiẏāma] Bengali
مندلیفیم [mndlyfym] Persian
-- [--] Gujarati
मेण्डेलीवियम [meņḍdelīviyama] Hindi

Finno-Ugric
Mendeleevium Estonian
Mendelevium Finnish
Mendelévium Hungarian
Менделевий [Mendelevij] Komi
Менделевий [Mendelevij] Mari
Менделеви [mendelevi] Moksha
Mendeleevium Võro

Altaic
Mendeleyevum Azerbaijani
Менделеви [Mendelevi] Chuvash
Менделевий [mendelevij] Kazakh
Менделевий [Mendelevij] Kyrgyz
Менделеви [mendelebi] Mongolian
Mendelevyum Turkish
مېندېلېيېۋىي [mendeleyewiy] Uyghur
Mendeleviy Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Mendelebioa Basque
მენდელეევიუმი [mendeleeviumi] Georgian

Afro-Asiatic
مندلفيوم [mindilīfiyūm] Arabic
מנדלביום [mendelevium] Hebrew
Mendelevju[m] Maltese

Sino-Tibetan
Mùn (鍆) Hakka
メンェレコウム [menderebiumu] Japanese
멘델레븀 [mendellebyum] Korean
เมนเดลีเวียม [mēndēlīwiam] Thai
Menđelevi Vietnamese
[men2 / moon4] Chinese

Malayo-Polynesian
Mendelevyo Cebuano
Mendelevium Indonesian
Mendelevium Māori
Mendelevium Malay

Other Asiatic
മെന്‍ഡെലീവിയം [menḍelīviyam] Malayalam
மெண்டலேவியம் [meņţalēviyam] Tamil

Africa
Mendelu Lingala
Mendeleviamo Sesotho
Mendelevi Swahili

North-America
Mendelevio Nahuatl

South-America
Mendelewyu Quechua

Creole
Mendelevimi Sranan Tongo

Artificial
Mendelevio Esperanto

New names
Mendion Atomic Elements
Ptoelem Dorseyville
memory peg

Artificial radioactive elementArtificial radioactive element
melting point -- °C; -- °F
boiling point -- °C; -- °F
density -- g/cc; -- pounds/cubic foot
1955 Albert Ghiorso and co-workers, Berkeley, Calif., USA
Δ. Θ. Μενδελεεβ (D.I. Mendeleyev) (1834-1907)

History & Etymology

First prepared in 1955 by Albert Ghiorso, Bernard G. Harvey, Gregory R. Choppin, Stanley G. Thompson, and Glenn T. Seaborg at the Berkeley Laboraty of the University of California by bombardment of Einsteinium with Helium ions.

In his autobiography, Seaborg says about the naming of Mendelevium (note) :

We thought it fitting that there be an element named for the Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev, who had developed the periodic table. In nearly all our experiments discovering transuranium elements, we'd depended on his method of predicting chemical properties based on the element's position in the table. But in the middle of the Cold War, naming an element for a Russian was a somewhat bold gesture that did not sit well with some American critics.
Originally, the suggested chemical symbol was Mv, later this is changed to Md. The name and symbol Mendelevium (Md) was ratified by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistr (IUPAC) Council meeting in Geneva during August 1997 (see "Naming the transfermium elements" on the systematic IUPAC names page).

In 1980, at the symposium Commemorating the 25th Anniversary of the Discovery of Mendelevium, Glenn T. Seaborg recalls the following anecdote, which was published in the Daily Cal at the time of the discovery of element #101:

"The University of California Nuclear Metaphysical Laboratories have announced a startling new finding in the world of atomics. The new discovery is an entirely novel element named 'Percentium' by its discoverer, the 15 1/2 year old Leonardo da Vinci. The element, number 101 in the atomic series, follows element number 100, 'Centium.' The youthful da Vinci said that this was the reason for the new element's name, Percentium. 'The interesting fact about Percentium,' said Moosbrugger, 'is that it has a negative half-life. That is,' he went on, 'its radioactivity and total mass increase 1 percent every 100 years. Probably it is the first of a series of elements that spontaneously integrates the successive members of the series.'" (this is not all, read the pdf-file, available on-line).

New name
John and Gordon Marks suggested in 1994 the name Bohemium (Bo) after Bohemia, where the actinides were first mined, cf. thulium after Thule where the lanthanides were first mined. The Marks brothers found the old names ugly and confusing. They offered alternative names that are equivalent contemporary (at the time and place of discovery) metaphors, both more euphonious and more memorable (note).

Dmitrij Ivanovič Mendeleev
Дмитрий Иванович Менделеев (Dmitrij Ivanovič Mendeleev)(Verhnie Aremzyani village, near Tobolsk, 8 February [O.S. 27 January] 1834 – Saint Petersburg 2 February [O.S. 20 January] 1907), Russian chemist and inventor. Between 1859 and 1861, he worked on the capillarity of liquids and the workings of the spectroscope in Heidelberg. In late August 1861 he wrote his first book on the spectroscope. He became Professor of Chemistry at the Saint Petersburg Technological Institute and Saint Petersburg State University in 1863. In 1865 he became Doctor of Science for his dissertation "On the Combinations of Water with Alcohol". He achieved tenure in 1867, and by 1871 had transformed Saint Petersburg into an internationally recognized center for chemistry research. Though Mendeleev was widely honored by scientific organizations all over Europe, including the Copley Medal from the Royal Society of London, he resigned from Saint Petersburg University on 17 August 1890.

In 1893, he was appointed Director of the Bureau of Weights and Measures. It was in this role that he was directed to formulate new state standards for the production of vodka. As a result of his work, in 1894 new standards for vodka were introduced into Russian law and all vodka had to be produced at 40% alcohol by volume.

Mendeleev also investigated the composition of oil fields, and helped to found the first oil refinery in Russia.

In 1905, Mendeleev was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. The following year Nobel Committee for Chemistry recommended to the Swedish Academy to award the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 1906 to Mendeleev for his discovery of the periodic system (see History of the Chemical Symbols). The Chemistry Section of the Swedish Academy supported this recommendation. The Academy was then supposed to approve the Committee choice as it has done in almost every case. Unexpectedly, at the full meeting of the Academy, a dissenting member of the Nobel Committee, Peter Klason, proposed the candidacy of Henri Moissan whom he favored. Svante Arrhenius, although not a member of the Nobel Committee for Chemistry, had a great deal of influence in the Academy and also pressed for the rejection of Mendeleev, arguing that the periodic system was too old to acknowledge its discovery in 1906. According to the contemporaries, Arrhenius was motivated by the grudge he held against Mendeleev for his critique of Arrhenius's dissociation theory. After heated arguments, the majority of the Academy voted for Moissan. The attempts to nominate Mendeleev in 1907 were again frustrated by the absolute opposition of Arrhenius (note).

He is credited as being the creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements. Using the table, he predicted the properties of elements yet to be discovered..

See also How to spell Менделеев in the Latin alphabet?

Mendeleev on stamps
       

Further reading
  • Earl K. Hyde & Glenn T. Seaborg, Transurane : Teil A 1, I: Die Elemente. Gmelins Handbuch der anorganische Chemie, Ergänzungswerk zur 8. Aufl.; Band 7a. Weinheim/Bergstrasse: Chemie, 1973.
  • Glenn T. Seaborg, Early History of LBNL, A transcript of the lecture on the 65th Anniversary of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, August 26, 1996 (on-line).
  • A. Ghiorso, B.G. Harvey, G.R. Choppin, S.G. Thompson, and G.T. Seaborg, "New Element Mendelevium, Atomic Number 101" Phys. Rev. 98 (1955), 1518.

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements