108. Hassium - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

eXTReMe Tracker
This site comprises 120 pages of text and photos, one for each element, and several pages for access. – For captions or explanatory texts move your mouse over illustrations, links etc.

108
Hassium
Hassium – Hassium – Hassium – Hassio – ハッシウム – Хассий – 金黑
Hs
Multilingual dictionary

Indo-European
Hassium Latin

— Germanic
Hassium Afrikaans
Hassium Danish
Hassium German
Hassium English
Hassium Faroese
Hassium Frisian (West)
Hassín Icelandic
Hassium Luxembourgish
Hassium Dutch
Hassium Norwegian
Hassium Swedish

— Italic
Asio Aragonese
Hasiumu Aromanian
Hassiu Asturian
Hassi Catalan
Hassio Spanish
Hassium French
Hassi Friulian
Hassio Galician
Hassio Italian
Àssi Lombard
Assi Occitan
Hássio Portuguese
Hassiu Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Хасий [Hasij] Bulgarian
Hasijum, ²Hassij Bosnian
Хасій [hasij] Belarusian
Hassium Czech
Hassij Croatian
Has Kashubian
Хасиум [Hasium] Macedonian
Has Polish
Хассий [Hassij] Russian
Hassium Slovak
Hasij Slovenian
Хасијум [Hasijum] Serbian
Хасій [xasij] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Hasis Lithuanian
Hassijs Latvian
Hasis Samogitian

— Celtic
Hassiwm Welsh
Haisiam Gaelic (Irish)
Haisiam Gaelic (Scottish)
Hassium Gaelic (Manx)
Hassyum Cornish

— Other Indo-European
Χάσιο [hasio] Greek
Հասիում [hasium] Armenian
Hasium, ²Hassiumi Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Hassiyûm Kurdish
Ҳассий [Hassi'] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
হ্যাসিয়াম [hyāsiẏāma] Bengali
هاسیم [hasym] Persian
હૅસિયમનો [hesiyamano] Gujarati
हसियम [hasiyama] Hindi

Finno-Ugric
Hassium Estonian
Hassium Finnish
Hasszium Hungarian
Хассий [Hassij] Komi
Хассий [Hassij] Mari
Hassium Võro

Altaic
Hanium Azerbaijani
Хасси [Hassi] Chuvash
Хани [Hani] Mongolian
Hassiyum Turkish
Hassiy Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Hassio Basque
-- [--] Georgian

Afro-Asiatic
هاسيوم [hāsiyūm] Arabic
הסיום [hesium] Hebrew
Hassju Maltese

Sino-Tibetan
-- Hakka
ハッシウム [hatusiumu] Japanese
하슘 [hasyum] Korean
แฮลเชียม [haessiam] Thai
Hassi Vietnamese
金黑 [hei1 / hak7] Chinese

Malayo-Polynesian
Hassyo Cebuano
Hassium Indonesian
Hassium Māori
Hassium Malay

Other Asiatic
ഹാസ്സിയം [hāssiyam] Malayalam
ஹஸ்ஸியம் [hassiyam] Tamil

Africa
Hasu? Lingala
Hassiamo Sesotho
Hassi Swahili

North-America
Hassio Nahuatl

South-America
Hasyu Quechua

Creole
Hasimi Sranan Tongo

Artificial
Hasio Esperanto

New names
Hasion Atomic Elements
Hundertacht Dorseyville
memory peg

Artificial radioactive element
melting point -- °C; -- °F
boiling point -- °C; -- °F
density -- g/cc; -- pounds/cubic foot
1984 Gottfried Münzenberg, Peter Armbruster and co-workers, Darmstadt, Germany
Hessen, German state

History & Etymology

First prepared in 1984 by Gottfried Münzenberg, Peter Armbruster, H. Folger, Fritz Peter Heßberger, Sigurd Hofmann, J. Keller, Klaus Poppensieker, Willibrord Reisdorf, Karl-Heinz Schmidt, H.-J. Schött, Matti Leino, and R. Hingmann at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany.

The systematic IUPAC name was Unniloctium (Uno). Although the discoverers wanted to name the new element in 1992 Hassium, which proposal was followed by the American Chemical Society in March 1994, in IUPAC nomenclature committee proposed in August 1994 Hahnium (Ha), after Otto Hahn (cf. Dubnium). However, finally Hassium (Hs) was ratified by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistr (IUPAC) Council meeting in Geneva during August 1997. It was named after Hassia, the Latin name for the German state Hessen. The discoverers of element 108 made this proposal in ordor to honor this German State, in which Darmstadt is located, because it provides a large part of the GSI-budget. In 1996 Gottfried Münzenberg formulated the choice as "womit wir unser schönes Hessenland gewürdigt sehen" (that we see our beautiful land of Hesse honoured). (see "Naming the transfermium elements").

Some sources mention erroneously that element 108 is named after a person, in analogy to the other elements from 104 to 109. The SMI Corporation found for its Periodic Table a Henri Hass, Swiss born Russian chemist known for work in thermodydamics. Others came with a Henry Bohn Hass, head of the Chemistry Department at Purdue university (West Lafayette, Indiana) in the 1940s.

Variant names of elements 104-108
No.syst. IUPACIUPAC 1997proposals
104Unq UnnilquadiumRf RutherfordiumDb Dubnium (1)
Ku Kurchatovium (3)
105Unp UnnilpentiumDb DubniumJo Joliotium (1)
Ha Hahnium (2)
Ns Nielsbohrium (3)
106Unh UnnilhexiumSg SeaborgiumRf Rutherfordium (1)
107Uns UnnilseptiumBh Bohrium (1)Ns Nielsbohrium (2, 4)
108Uno UnniloctiumHs HassiumHa Hahnium (1)
(1) IUPAC 1994; (2) ACS 1994; (3) خبكب (JINR); (4) GSI
See "Naming the transfermium elements" on the Ununoction page
Hessen
Hesse (pronounced /hɛs/) or Hessia (German: Hessen [ˈhɛsən], Latin: Hassia, a state of Germany with an area of 21,110 km2 (8,150 sq mi) and just over six million inhabitants. The state capital is Wiesbaden. Hesse's largest city is nearby Frankfurt am Main.

The name Hessen refers to the Germanic tribe of the Chatti, who settled in the region in the first centuries B.C (note).

Further reading
  • Glenn T. Seaborg, Transuranium elements: A Half Century. Remarks at ACS Symposium to Commemorate the 50th Anniversary of Transuranium Elements, Washington D.C., August 27, 1990. (PDF-file available on-line).

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements