Elementymology & Elements Multidict
Germanium – Germanium – Germanium – Germánio – ゲルマニウム – Германий – 鍺
Germanium Frisian (West)
Germaniu Romanian - Moldovan
SlavicГермаиий [Germaiij] Bulgarian
Германій [hermanij] Belarusian
Германиум [Germanium] Macedonian
Германий [Germanij] Russian
Германијум [Germanijum] Serbian
Германій [hermanij] Ukrainian
Gearmáiniam Gaelic (Irish)
Gearmainiam Gaelic (Scottish)
Germaanium Gaelic (Manx)
Other Indo-EuropeanΓερμανιο [germanio] Greek
.երմանիում [(g)ermanium] Armenian
Германий [germanij] Ossetian
Германий [Germani'] Tajik
Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryanজার্মেনিয়াম [jārmeniẏāma] Bengali
ژرمانیم [žrmanym] Persian
જર્મેનિયમનો [jarmeniyamano] Gujarati
जर्मेनियम [jarmeniyama] Hindi
Германий [Germanij] Komi
Германий [Germanij] Mari
Германи [germani] Moksha
Германи [Germani] Chuvash
Германий [germanij] Kazakh
Германий [Germanij] Kyrgyz
Германи [germani] Mongolian
گېرمانىي [germaniy] Uyghur
Other (Europe)Germanioa Basque
გერმანიუმი [germaniumi] Georgian
Afro-Asiaticجرمانيوم [jarmāniyūm] Arabic
גרמניום [germanium] Hebrew
Sino-TibetanChâ (鍺) Hakka
ゲルマニウム [gerumaniumu] Japanese
게르마늄, 2저마늄 [gereumanyum, jeomanyum] Korean
เจอร์เมเนียม [choemēniam] Thai
鍺 [zhe3 / je2] Chinese
Other Asiaticജെര്മേനിയം [jermēniyam] Malayalam
ஜெர்மானியம் [jermāṉiyam] Tamil
CreoleGermanimi Sranan Tongo
New namesGermon Atomic Elements
History & Etymology
In the summer of 1885, in the Himmelsfürst mine in Brand-Erbisdorf (near Freiberg, Saxony) a new mineral was found that was called argyrodite. Professor Clemens Alexander Winkler (1838-1904) of the Freiberg Bergakademie was asked to do a quantitative analysis. He found Silver, Sulphur, Iron oxide, Zinc and an element unknown till that time (eka-silicon). In February of 1886, Winkler was sure of the discovery of this new element.
Winkler intended to name element Neptunium, bearing in mind that the history of its discovery was similar to the history of the discovery of the planet Neptune. Just as the existence of the new element was predicted, the existence of the planet was predicted in 1845 by the mathematicians John Couch Adams and Urbain Leverrier for the fact that Uranus was being pulled slightly out of position in its orbit. James Challis started searching for it in July 1846 and sighted the planet 23 September 1846.
This name caused sharp objections from some scientists. One indicated that this name sounded as the name of a flower (geranium). In the flame of the disputes Raymond proposed into the joke to name new element Angularium, thus angular (causing debates) - or, angle (in German "Winkel") referring to the name of the discoverer. However, Mendeleyev in his letter to Winkler decisively supported the name Germanium.
GermaniaGermania was the Latin name for a geographical area of land on the east bank of the Rhine (inner Germania), which included regions of Sarmatia as well as an area under Roman control on the west bank of the Rhine. The name came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it from a Gallic term for the peoples east of the Rhine that probably meant 'neighbor'.
Germania was defined by Rome as having two regions: Lesser Germania, west and south of the Rhine, occupied by the Romans, and Greater Germania (Magna Germania) east of the Rhine. The occupied Germania was divided into two provinces: Germania Inferior (Lower Germania) (approximately corresponding to the southern part of the present-day Low Countries) and Germania Superior (Upper Germania) (approximately corresponding to present-day Switzerland and Alsace). The Romans under Augustus began to conquer and defeat the Germania Magna in 12 BC, having the Legati (generals) Germanicus and Tiberius leading the Legions. By AD 6, all of Germania up to the River Elbe was temporarily pacified by the Romans as well as being occupied by them. The Roman plan to complete the conquest and incorporate all of Magna Germania into the Roman Empire was frustrated when Rome was defeated by the German tribesmen in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in AD 9. Augustus then effected Roman withdrawal from Magna Germania (completed by AD 16) and established the boundary of the Roman Empire as being the Rhine and the Danube.
'Germany' in English and similar names in other languages are derived from Germania, though the country's own inhabitants call it Deutschland. Several modern languages use the name Germania including Hebrew (גרמניה), Bulgarian (Германия), Italian, Greek (Γερμανία), Romanian, Russian (Германия), Albanian and Armenian.