107. Bohrium - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

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107
Bohrium
Bohrium – Bohrium – Bohrium – Bohrio – ボーリウム – Борий – 金波
Bh
Multilingual dictionary

Indo-European
Bohrium Latin

— Germanic
Bohrium Afrikaans
Bohrium Danish
Bohrium German
Bohrium English
Bohrium Faroese
Bohrium Frisian (West)
Bohrín Icelandic
Bohrium Luxembourgish
Bohrium Dutch
Bohrium Norwegian
Bohrium Swedish

— Italic
Borio Aragonese
Boriumu Aromanian
Bohriu Asturian
Bohri Catalan
Bohrio Spanish
Bohrium French
Bohri Friulian
Bohrio Galician
Bohrio Italian
Bohri Lombard
Bòhri Occitan
Bóhrio Portuguese
Bohriu Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Борий [Borij] Bulgarian
Bohrij[um] Bosnian
Борый [boryj] Belarusian
Bohrium Czech
Bohrij Croatian
Bòhr Kashubian
Бориум [Borium] Macedonian
Bohr Polish
Борий [Borij] Russian
Bohrium Slovak
Borij Slovenian
Боријум [Borijum] Serbian
Борій [borij] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Boris Lithuanian
Borijs Latvian
Buoris Samogitian

— Celtic
Bohriwm Welsh
Bóiriam Gaelic (Irish)
Boiriam Gaelic (Scottish)
Bohrium Gaelic (Manx)
Bohryum Cornish

— Other Indo-European
Μπόριο [borio] Greek
Բորիում [borium] Armenian
Borium, ²Bohriumi Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Bohriyûm Kurdish
Борий [Bori'] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
বোহরিয়াম [bohariẏāma] Bengali
بوریم [bwrym] Persian
બોરિયમનો [boriyamano] Gujarati
बोरियम [boriyama] Hindi

Finno-Ugric
Bohrium Estonian
Bohrium Finnish
Borium Hungarian
Борий [Borij] Komi
Борий [Borij] Mari
Bohrium Võro

Altaic
Borium Azerbaijani
Бори [Bori] Chuvash
Бори [Bori] Mongolian
Bohriyum Turkish
Boriy Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Bohrio Basque
ბორიუმი [boriumi] Georgian

Afro-Asiatic
بوريوم [būriyūm] Arabic
בוהריום [bohrium] Hebrew
Bohrju Maltese

Sino-Tibetan
-- Hakka
ボーリウム [bōriumu] Japanese
보륨 [boryum] Korean
มอหเรียม [boriam] Thai
Bohri Vietnamese
金波 [bo1 / boh1] Chinese

Malayo-Polynesian
Bohryo Cebuano
Bohrium Indonesian
Bohrium Māori
Bohrium Malay

Other Asiatic
ബോറിയം [bōṟiyam] Malayalam
-- [--] Tamil

Africa
Bohlu Lingala
Bohriamo Sesotho
Bohri Swahili

North-America
Bohrio Nahuatl

South-America
Bohriyu Quechua

Creole
Burimi Sranan Tongo

Artificial
Borio Esperanto

New names
Bohrion Atomic Elements
Cientoysiete Dorseyville
memory peg

Artificial radioactive element
melting point -- °C; -- °F
boiling point -- °C; -- °F
density -- g/cc; -- pounds/cubic foot
1981 Gottfried Münzenberg and co-workers, Darmstadt, Germany
Niels Bohr (1885-1962)

History & Etymology

First prepared in 1981 by Gottfried Münzenberg, Sigurd Hofmann, Fritz Peter Heßberger, Willibrord Reisdorf, Karl-Heinz Schmidt, J.R.H. Schneider, W.F.W. Schneider, Peter Armbruster, Christoph-Clemens Sahm, and B. Thuma at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany.

The systematic IUPAC name was Unnilseptium (Uns). Although the discoverers and the American Chemical Society proposed the name Nielsbohrium (Ns), the nomenclature commission of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) chose for Bohrium (Bh), which was more conform the names of the other elements named after individuals." (cf. Dubnium). Did they not realize that Bohrium is almost identical with the Latin name of Boron, Borium? This name was ratified by the IUPAC Council meeting in Geneva during August 1997 (see "Naming the transfermium elements" on the systematic IUPAC names page).

Elements discovered at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany, heavy ion research center funded by the Federal Government of Germany and the state of Hesse.

They were called the "correct" eka-metals, in contradiction to the false transuranic elements (#93-97), described by Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassmann in 1934-38.

  • 107 Bohrium (Eka-Rhenium)
  • 108 Hassium (Eka-Osmium)
  • 109 Meitnerium (Eka-Iridium)
  • Element 110 (Eka-Platin)
  • Element 111 (Eka-Gold)
  • Element 112
In 1992 the team proposed the names of elements 107-109, Münzenberg explained this choice in 1996 as follows:
  • 107 - Nielsbohrium, nach dem Vater des Atommodells
  • 108 - Hassium, womit wir unser schönes Hessenland gewürdigt sehen
  • 109 - Meitnerium, nach Lise Meitner
Variant names of elements 104-108
No.syst. IUPACIUPAC 1997proposals
104Unq UnnilquadiumRf RutherfordiumDb Dubnium (1)
Ku Kurchatovium (3)
105Unp UnnilpentiumDb DubniumJo Joliotium (1)
Ha Hahnium (2)
Ns Nielsbohrium (3)
106Unh UnnilhexiumSg SeaborgiumRf Rutherfordium (1)
107Uns UnnilseptiumBh Bohrium (1)Ns Nielsbohrium (2, 4)
108Uno UnniloctiumHs Hassium (4)Ha Hahnium (1)
(1) IUPAC 1994; (2) ACS 1994; (3) خبكب (JINR); (4) GSI 1992
See "Naming the transfermium elements" on the Mendelevium page

Niels Bohr
Niels Henrik David Bohr (Copenhagen 7 October 1885 – Copenhagen 18 November 1962), Danish physicist who made fundamental contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922 "for his services in the investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them". He founded the Institute of Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen, of which he became director in 1920. Bohr mentored and collaborated with many of the top physicists of the century at his institute in Copenhagen. He was part of a team of physicists working on the Manhattan Project. He fled from the Nazis in World War II and took part in work on the atomic bomb in the USA. In 1952 he helped to set up CERN, the European nuclear research organisation, in Geneva. Bohr has been described as one of the most influential physicists of the 20th century (note).

See his biography on the Nobel Prize website.


Niels Bohr and Albert Einstein, two scientist who have elements named after them: Einsteinium (#99) and Bohrium (#107)

Further reading
  • Glenn T. Seaborg, Transuranium elements: A Half Century. Remarks at ACS Symposium to Commemorate the 50th Anniversary of Transuranium Elements, Washington D.C., August 27, 1990. (PDF-file available on-line).
  • Laudationes zur Verleihung des Otto-Hahn-Preises 1996 der Stadt Frankfurt am Main an Dr. Sigurd Hofmann und Professor Dr. Gottfried Münzenberg (on-line).

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements