109. Meitnerium - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

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109
Meitnerium
Meitnerium – Meitnerium – Meitnérium – Meitnerio – マイトネリウム – Майтнерий – 金麥
Mt
Multilingual dictionary

Indo-European
Meitnerium Latin

— Germanic
Meitnerium Afrikaans
Meitnerium Danish
Meitnerium German
Meitnerium English
Meitnerium Faroese
Meitnerium Frisian (West)
Meitnerín Icelandic
Meitnerium Luxembourgish
Meitnerium Dutch
Meitnerium Norwegian
Meitnerium Swedish

— Italic
Meitnerio Aragonese
Meitneriumu Aromanian
Meitneriu Asturian
Meitneri Catalan
Meitnerio Spanish
Meitnérium French
Meitneri Friulian
Meitnerio Galician
Meitnerio Italian
Meitneri Lombard
Meitnèri Occitan
Meitnério Portuguese
Meitneriu Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Майтнерий [Majtnerij] Bulgarian
Meitnerij[um] Bosnian
Мейтнерый [mejtneryj] Belarusian
Meitnerium Czech
Meitnerij Croatian
Meitner Kashubian
Мајтнериум [Majtnerium] Macedonian
Meitner Polish
Майтнерий [Majtnerij] Russian
Meitnerium Slovak
Majtnerij Slovenian
Мајтнеријум [Majtnerijum] Serbian
Майтнерій [majtnerij] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Meitneris Lithuanian
Meitnērijs Latvian
Mėitneris Samogitian

— Celtic
Meitneriwm Welsh
Meitneiriam Gaelic (Irish)
Mèitneiriam Gaelic (Scottish)
Meitnerium Gaelic (Manx)
Meytneryum Cornish

— Other Indo-European
Μαϊτνέριο [maïtnerio] Greek
Մայտներիում [maytnerium] Armenian
Majtnerium, ²Meitneriumi Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Meitneriyûm Kurdish
Мейтнерий [Mejtneri'] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
মিটনেরিয়াম [miṭneriẏāma] Bengali
میتنریم [mytnrym] Persian
માઇટ્નીરિયમનો [māiṭnīriyamano] Gujarati
मेइट्नेरियम [meiṭneriyama] Hindi

Finno-Ugric
Meitneerium Estonian
Meitnerium Finnish
Meitnerium Hungarian
Майтнерий [Majtnerij] Komi
Майтнерий [Majtnerij] Mari
Meitneerium Võro

Altaic
Meitnerium Azerbaijani
Мейтнери [Mejtneri] Chuvash
Мейтнери [Mejtneri] Mongolian
Meitneriyum Turkish
Meytneriy Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Meitnerio Basque
მეიტნერიუმი [meitneriumi] Georgian

Afro-Asiatic
مايتنريوم [māytniriyūm] Arabic
מיטנריום [meitnerium] Hebrew
Meitnerju Maltese

Sino-Tibetan
-- Hakka
マイトネリウム [maitoneriumu] Japanese
마이트너륨 [maiteunaryum] Korean
ไมต์นีเรียม [mainīriam] Thai
Meitneri Vietnamese
金麥 [mai4 / maak9] Chinese

Malayo-Polynesian
Meitneryo Cebuano
Meitnerium Indonesian
Meitnerium Māori
Meitnerium Malay

Other Asiatic
മെയ്റ്റ്നേറിയം [meyṟṟnēṟiyam] Malayalam
மீட்நேரியம் [mīţnēriyam] Tamil

Africa
Meitenu Lingala
Meitneriamo Sesotho
Meitneri Swahili

North-America
Meitnerio Nahuatl

South-America
Meitneryu Quechua

Creole
Meytnerimi Sranan Tongo

Artificial
Mejtnerio Esperanto

New names
Meiteron Atomic Elements
Doesn'tlastlongium Dorseyville
memory peg

Artificial radioactive element
melting point -- °C; -- °F
boiling point -- °C; -- °F
density -- g/cc; -- pounds/cubic foot
1982 Gottfried Münzenberg, Peter Armbruster and co-workers, Darmstadt, Germany
Lise Meitner (1878-1968)

History & Etymology

First prepared in 1982 by Gottfried Münzenberg, Peter Armbruster, Fritz Peter Heßberger, Sigurd Hofmann, Klaus Poppensieker, Willibrord Reisdorf, K. Schneider, Karl-Heinz Schmidt, Christoph-Clemens Sahm, and Detlef Vermeulen at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany.

The systematic IUPAC name was Unnilenium (Une). The name and symbol Meitnerium (Mt) was suggested by the discovers, and accepted by the nomenclature committee of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), and ratified by the IUPAC Council meeting in Geneva during August 1997 (see "Naming the transfermium elements" on the IUPAC names page).

Lise Meitner
Lise Meitner (Vienna 7 or 17 November 1878 Cambrisge, England, 27 October 1968), Austrian-born, later Swedish physicist who worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics. She was the first to realize that Otto Hahn had inadvertedly achieved the fission of uranium. Together with Hahn she discovered the element Protactinium and studied the effects of neutron bombardment on uranium. An achievement for which her colleague Otto Hahn was awarded the Nobel Prize. Meitner is often mentioned as one of the most glaring examples of women's scientific achievement overlooked by the Nobel committee. A 1997 Physics Today study concluded that Meitner's omission was "a rare instance in which personal negative opinions apparently led to the exclusion of a deserving scientist" from the Nobel.
Driven from Nazi Germany because of het Jewish origin, she later worked in Sweden. She refused to work on the atomic bomb (note).

Biography Lise Meitner online.

Further reading
  • Glenn T. Seaborg, Transuranium elements: A Half Century. Remarks at ACS Symposium to Commemorate the 50th Anniversary of Transuranium Elements, Washington D.C., August 27, 1990. (PDF-file available on-line).

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements