Elementymology & Elements Multidict
Mendelevium – Mendelevium – Mendélévium – Mendelevio – メンデレビウム – Менделевий – 鍆
Mendelevium Frisian (West)
Mendeleviu Romanian - Moldovan
SlavicМенделевий [Mendelevij] Bulgarian
Мендзялевій [mendzjalevij] Belarusian
Менделевиум [Mendelevium] Macedonian
Менделевий [Mendelevij] Russian
Мендељевијум [Mendeljevijum] Serbian
Менделеевій [mendeljevij] Ukrainian
Meindiléiviam Gaelic (Irish)
Meindilèiviam Gaelic (Scottish)
Mendelevium Gaelic (Manx)
Other Indo-EuropeanΜεντελεβιο [mentelevio] Greek
Մենդելեվիում [mendelevium] Armenian
Менделевий [mendelevij] Ossetian
Менделевий [Mendelevi'] Tajik
Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryanমেন্ডেলিভিয়াম [menḍelibhiẏāma] Bengali
مندلیفیم [mndlyfym] Persian
-- [--] Gujarati
मेण्डेलीवियम [meņḍdelīviyama] Hindi
Менделевий [Mendelevij] Komi
Менделевий [Mendelevij] Mari
Менделеви [mendelevi] Moksha
Менделеви [Mendelevi] Chuvash
Менделевий [mendelevij] Kazakh
Менделевий [Mendelevij] Kyrgyz
Менделеви [mendelebi] Mongolian
مېندېلېيېۋىي [mendeleyewiy] Uyghur
Other (Europe)Mendelebioa Basque
მენდელეევიუმი [mendeleeviumi] Georgian
Afro-Asiaticمندلفيوم [mindilīfiyūm] Arabic
מנדלביום [mendelevium] Hebrew
Sino-TibetanMùn (鍆) Hakka
メンデレビウム [menderebiumu] Japanese
멘델레븀 [mendellebyum] Korean
เมนเดลีเวียม [mēndēlīwiam] Thai
鍆 [men2 / moon4] Chinese
Other Asiaticമെന്ഡെലീവിയം [menḍelīviyam] Malayalam
மெண்டலேவியம் [meņţalēviyam] Tamil
CreoleMendelevimi Sranan Tongo
New namesMendion Atomic Elements
History & Etymology
First prepared in 1955 by Albert Ghiorso, Bernard G. Harvey, Gregory R. Choppin, Stanley G. Thompson, and Glenn T. Seaborg at the Berkeley Laboratory of the University of California by bombardment of Einsteinium with Helium ions.
In his autobiography, Seaborg says about the naming of Mendelevium (note) :
We thought it fitting that there be an element named for the Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev, who had developed the periodic table. In nearly all our experiments discovering transuranium elements, we'd depended on his method of predicting chemical properties based on the element's position in the table. But in the middle of the Cold War, naming an element for a Russian was a somewhat bold gesture that did not sit well with some American critics.Originally, the suggested chemical symbol was Mv, later this is changed to Md. The name and symbol Mendelevium (Md) was ratified by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) Council meeting in Geneva during August 1997 (See "Naming the transfermium elements").
In 1980, at the symposium Commemorating the 25th Anniversary of the Discovery of Mendelevium, Glenn T. Seaborg recalls the following anecdote, which was published in the Daily Cal at the time of the discovery of element #101:
"The University of California Nuclear Metaphysical Laboratories have announced a startling new finding in the world of atomics. The new discovery is an entirely novel element named 'Percentium' by its discoverer, the 15 1/2 year old Leonardo da Vinci. The element, number 101 in the atomic series, follows element number 100, 'Centium.' The youthful da Vinci said that this was the reason for the new element's name, Percentium. 'The interesting fact about Percentium,' said Moosbrugger, 'is that it has a negative half-life. That is,' he went on, 'its radioactivity and total mass increase 1 percent every 100 years. Probably it is the first of a series of elements that spontaneously integrates the successive members of the series.'" (this is not all, read the pdf-file, available on-line).
Dmitrij Ivanovič MendeleevДмитрий Иванович Менделеев (Dmitrij Ivanovič Mendeleev)(Verhnie Aremzyani village, near Tobolsk, 8 February [O.S. 27 January] 1834 – Saint Petersburg 2 February [O.S. 20 January] 1907), Russian chemist and inventor. Between 1859 and 1861, he worked on the capillarity of liquids and the workings of the spectroscope in Heidelberg. In late August 1861 he wrote his first book on the spectroscope. He became Professor of Chemistry at the Saint Petersburg Technological Institute and Saint Petersburg State University in 1863. In 1865 he became Doctor of Science for his dissertation "On the Combinations of Water with Alcohol". He achieved tenure in 1867, and by 1871 had transformed Saint Petersburg into an internationally recognized center for chemistry research. Though Mendeleev was widely honored by scientific organizations all over Europe, including the Copley Medal from the Royal Society of London, he resigned from Saint Petersburg University on 17 August 1890.
In 1893, he was appointed Director of the Bureau of Weights and Measures. It was in this role that he was directed to formulate new state standards for the production of vodka. As a result of his work, in 1894 new standards for vodka were introduced into Russian law and all vodka had to be produced at 40% alcohol by volume.
Mendeleev also investigated the composition of oil fields, and helped to found the first oil refinery in Russia.
In 1905, Mendeleev was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. The following year Nobel Committee for Chemistry recommended to the Swedish Academy to award the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 1906 to Mendeleev for his discovery of the periodic system (see History of the Chemical Symbols). The Chemistry Section of the Swedish Academy supported this recommendation. The Academy was then supposed to approve the Committee choice as it has done in almost every case. Unexpectedly, at the full meeting of the Academy, a dissenting member of the Nobel Committee, Peter Klason, proposed the candidacy of Henri Moissan whom he favored. Svante Arrhenius, although not a member of the Nobel Committee for Chemistry, had a great deal of influence in the Academy and also pressed for the rejection of Mendeleev, arguing that the periodic system was too old to acknowledge its discovery in 1906. According to the contemporaries, Arrhenius was motivated by the grudge he held against Mendeleev for his critique of Arrhenius's dissociation theory. After heated arguments, the majority of the Academy voted for Moissan. The attempts to nominate Mendeleev in 1907 were again frustrated by the absolute opposition of Arrhenius (note).
He is credited as being the creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements. Using the table, he predicted the properties of elements yet to be discovered..
Mendeleev on stamps