20. Calcium - Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Elementymology & Elements Multidict

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20
Calcium
Calcium – Kalzium – Calcium – Calcio – カルシウム – Кальций – 鈣
Ca
Multilingual dictionary

Indo-European
Calcium Latin

— Germanic
Kalsium Afrikaans
Calcium, Kalcium Danish
Kalzium German
Calcium English
Kalsium Faroese
Kalsium Frisian (West)
Kalsín Icelandic
Kalzium Luxembourgish
Calcium Dutch
Kalsium Norwegian
Kalcium Swedish

— Italic
Calzio Aragonese
Caltsiumu Aromanian
Calciu Asturian
Calci Catalan
Calcio Spanish
Calcium French
Calci Friulian
Calcio Galician
Calcio Italian
Calc Lombard
Calci Occitan
Cálcio Portuguese
Calciu Romanian - Moldovan

— Slavic
Калций [Kalcij] Bulgarian
Kalcij[um] Bosnian
Кальцый [kal'cyj] Belarusian
Vápník Czech
Kalcij Croatian
Kalcéń Kashubian
Калциум [Kalcium] Macedonian
Wapń Polish
Кальций [Kal'cij] Russian
Vápník Slovak
Kalcij Slovenian
Калцијум [Kalcijum] Serbian
Кальцій [kal'cij] Ukrainian

— Baltic
Kalcis Lithuanian
Kalcijs Latvian
Kalcis Samogitian

— Celtic
Kalsiom Breton
Calsiwm Welsh
Cailciam Gaelic (Irish)
Cailciam Gaelic (Scottish)
Kelkium Gaelic (Manx)
Calcyum Cornish

— Other Indo-European
Ασβεστιο [asvestio] Greek
Կալցիում [kalts'ium] Armenian
Kalcium[i] Albanian

— Indo-Iranian/Iranian
Kalsiyûm Kurdish
Кальций [kal'cij] Ossetian
Кальций [Kal'ci'] Tajik

— Indo-Iranian/Indo-Aryan
ক্যালসিয়াম [kyālasiẏāma] Bengali
کلسیم [klsym] Persian
કૅલ્શિયમનો [kelṡiyamano] Gujarati
कैल्शियम [kailśiyama] Hindi

Finno-Ugric
Kaltsium Estonian
Kalsium Finnish
Kalcium Hungarian
Кальций [Kal'cij] Komi
Кальций [Kal'cij] Mari
Пургев [purgev] Moksha
Kaltsium Võro

Altaic
Kalsium Azerbaijani
Кальци [Kal'ci] Chuvash
Кальций [kal'cij] Kazakh
Кальций [Kal'cij] Kyrgyz
Кальци [kal'ci] Mongolian
Kalsiyum Turkish
كالتىسىي [kaltisiy] Uyghur
Kalsiy Uzbek

Other (Europe)
Kaltzioa Basque
კალციუმი [kalc'iumi] Georgian

Afro-Asiatic
كلسيوم [kalsiyūm] Arabic
סידן [sidan] Hebrew
Kalsjum, ²Kalċju Maltese

Sino-Tibetan
Koi (鈣) Hakka
カルシウム [karushiumu] Japanese
칼슘 [kalsyum] Korean
แคลเซียม [khaelsiam/khaensiam] Thai
Canxi Vietnamese
[gai4 / koi3] Chinese

Malayo-Polynesian
Kalsyo Cebuano
Kalsium Indonesian
Konupūmā Māori
Kalsium Malay

Other Asiatic
കാല്‍‌സ്യം [kālsyam] Malayalam
கலசியம் [kalciyam] Tamil

Africa
Kalisu Lingala
Kalsiamo Sesotho
Kalisi Swahili

North-America
Tenextepoztli Nahuatl

South-America
Isku q'illay, ²Kalsyu Quechua

Creole
Kalsimi Sranan Tongo

Artificial
Kalcio Esperanto

New names
Calcion Atomic Elements
Limestoneium Dorseyville
memory peg

A gray-white metal which oxidizes on exposure to the atmosphere forming a dark gray/black coating
melting point 839 °C; 1543 °F
boiling point 1484 °C; 2703 °F
density 1.55 g/cc; 96.76 pounds/cubic foot
1808 Sir Humphry Davy, England
calx = limestone (Latin)

History & Etymology

Calcium oxide or lime has been known from a very remote period, and was for a long time considered to be an elementary or undecomposable earth. This view was questioned in the eighteenth century, and in 1808 Sir Humphry Davy was able to show that lime was a combination of a metal and oxygen. In the paper read for the Royal Society of London on 30 June 1808, Davy referred to the new alkaline earth metals in this way (note):

Calcium was named so from its occurrence in limestone (Latin "calx"). The Latin "calx" is used for lime (CaO, quicklime), limestone (CaCO3, calcium carbonate). Originally "calx" was used for every metal oxide (earth), the result of roasting a metal or mineral.

Alternative names

In several other languages the name of the element is derived from the native name for limestone:
  • Greek: the antique word asbestoV [asvestos] = quicklime.
  • Polish: wapien = limestone, derived from a pre-Slavic word wap (paint, dye). The Czech and Slovak words will have the same derivation.

Chemistianity 1873
JTYAN
CALCIUM (combined) forms the Frame Metal
Of Animals and the Shelly exuviæ
From wondrous Coral Zoophytes, and Molusca.
Calcium is a light yellow metal,
Exposed to Air it rapidly oxides,
'Tis ductile, and mall'able to paper thickness;
It burns brilliantly when heated in Oxygen,
Chlorine, or the vapour of Bromine or Sulphur.
J. Carrington Sellars, Chemistianity, 1873, p. 119
Further reading
  • Mary Elvira Weeks, Discovery of the Elements, comp. rev. by Heny M. Leicester (Easton, Pa.: Journal of Chemical Education, 1968), pp. 479-484.

Sources Index of Persons Index of Alleged Elements